Birmingham Science Fiction Group

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A selection of reviews from our monthly newsletter. These are sorted by the author's or editor's last name. Click on the name at the top of the page to take you to the section or just scroll down the page.

O

Nnedi Okorafor
Frank Owen

P

Seth Patrick
Benjamin Percy
Vicki Pettersson
Sarah Pinborough
Marion Pitman
Tom Pollock
Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett & Stephen Briggs
Terry Pratchett and Vadim Jean
Cherie Priest
Christopher Priest

R

Hannu Rajaniemi
Robert Rankin
Rod Rees
Alastair Reynolds
Adam Richards
Adam Roberts
Katherine Roberts
Kim Stanley Robinson
Justina Robson
Eric Frank Russell
Ken Russell
Amy Kathleen Ryan
Carrie Ryan
Geoff Ryman

Nnedi Okorafor

THE BOOK OF PHOENIX by Nnedi Okorafor

I had high hopes for this book before starting to read it. Firstly, it was on the shortlist for this year’s Clarke Award for the best SF novel which hopefully indicates a degree of quality. Secondly. with a Nigerian American author, I anticipated a distinctive and potentially unusual perspective which is something I usually appreciate. Unfortunately, I was severely disappointed and really struggled to even finish the book. This is the story of Phoenix, a black woman who is an “accelerated organism”. She is the result of genetic engineering, held captive in Tower 7 and subjected to ongoing and painful testing. There are other test subjects there, all of whom are non-Caucasian. When the man she loves apparently dies, she uses her abilities to escape and then embarks on a quest for revenge which ultimately ends with her devastating the whole world.
I have two major problems with this book, Firstly, I don’t think it is science fiction. The story reads more like a fairy story or fable, which is clearly deliberate and includes mystical elements such as the giant Backbone tree and its seed which she replants back in Africa. Phoenix has abilities to match her name; her body temperature can be raised until she burns everything around her, when she dies she is reborn (even if her body has been destroyed), and she can fly. There is no attempt to provide any scientific plausibility to these abilities and the Phoenix character is more like a comic book superhero (or more accurately super-villain).
My second problem is with the narrative of the book itself. The book is clearly intended as an angry polemic about racism. That in itself is fine but the book lacks subtlety and characters are very much good or evil with little middle ground. I recognise that many of the issues raised are real and important, but having every white person as evil and the only effective response to these issues as violence (with Phoenix showing callous indifference to large scale collateral damage) does them a disservice. There is little if any depth of characterisation and the story is advanced by implausible but convenient “helpers” or a new ability. At every point where Phoenix needs help or information there is “magically” just the right person available, ranging from the Ethiopian couple who feed and shelter her when she first escapes to finding a convenient congressman (who also happens to be the only black congressman in the government) who provides them with security clearance and false papers whenever required. While some might claim that the above issues are intentional and the book is intended as satirical, other books deal far more effectively with the issues raised and with far better writing. In short, I found this a thoroughly unpleasant book to read and would not recommend it.

Reviewed by Carol Goodwin Sep-2016 Published by Hodder & Stoughton

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Frank Owen

SOUTH by Frank Owen

SOUTH is a saga of the end of the Southern American states and is set in a world where there is and never was a USA. Just the Northern and Southern states, no unification, in fact that is a dirty word to the Southerners who when asked would tell you that a common currency is unification enough. But the Northerners disagree. Eventually there is a referendum. All inhabitants have to return to their home states and vote. However, knowing that they cannot win this referendum the Northerners delay declaring the result and secretly build a dividing wall. This starts a civil war which drags on for many years and is effectively ended when the North unleashes a series of windborne viruses attempting genocide. Thirty years later the viruses keep on coming and to the few southern survivors the wind is to be feared as it brings disease and death.
SOUTH vividly describes the horror of life in this harsh, disease-ridden and devastated land following the brothers Garrett and Dyce Jackson as they flee the brutal vigilante law-enforcing clan, the ‘Callahans’. These are led by the vindictive Tye. One night while sheltering from the wind they meet up and join forces with a young woman, Vida, who is on a secret quest of her own. Standing out among other brilliantly described supporting characters is Felix. a reclusive weatherman.
SOUTH is one of those books that seem to start indifferently but quietly and gently it firmly sets its hooks into you and turns out to be an absorbingly excellent read. It is to be commended.
Frank Owen is the pseudonym for two authors – Diane Awerbuck and Alex Latimer. Diane’s debut novel GARDENING AT NIGHT won the 2004 Commonwealth Writers Best First Book Prize. Alex Latimer is an award winning writer and illustrator whose books have been translated into several languages.

Reviewed by Jim Pearce Aug-2016 Published by Corvus

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Seth Patrick

REVIVER by Seth Patrick

Due to be published on the 20th June 2013, this is Seth Patrick’s first novel and the film option has already been taken up by Legendary Entertainment (the film company behind Christopher Nolan’s Batman franchise). On reading it I can see why. It is fast moving, has great characters that will readily transfer to the big screen, has a bit of romance and lots of plot twists and turns.
Described as urban noir horror by Macmillan there are some scenes that are gruesome but thankfully these do not dominate. In fact there are no more bloody bodies than would be expected of most detective/thriller novels, probably fewer than many.
REVIVER is the story of Jonah Miller who is a ‘Reviver’ being able to wake the recently dead. In the United States, where the story is set, there are two types of Reviver. Those working in the private sector to provide the bereaved with a few final minutes with their loved ones and those working for the ‘Forensic Revival Service (FRS)’ who are called in by the police to gain information from the dead about their own demise. This testimony is accepted in the courts. Jonah works for the FRS and is considered, despite his troubled past, to be one of their best. At the start of REVIVER Jonah, while reviving the victim of a brutal murder, encounters a terrifying presence. Something is watching/waiting. His superiors are convinced that it is only in his mind and that he is suffering from stress. Jonah is not convinced.
Then Daniel Harker, the first journalist to bring revival to public attention is brutally murdered and Jonah finds himself dragged into the hunt for answers. Working with Harker’s daughter Annabel, Jonah searches for those responsible and soon finds himself embroiled in a number of conspiracies cumulating in a threat that if not stopped in time will put humanity in danger.
I must confess that I do not like ‘horror’ stories but I did very much enjoy REVIVER and could hardly put it down being engrossed right from the very first page. The main characters are very likeable and their interaction gives the plot cohesive depth. Even the ‘villains’ are not gross - you can understand why they are doing what they do. The only really foreseeable part of the story is the epilogue, but this did not diminish my enjoyment of this book. It does however leave the way open for a sequel, and if Seth Patrick writes one I certainly want to read it. In fact whatever he writes next I want to read it.

Reviewed by Jim Pearce Jul-2013 Published by Macmillan

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The Revivers are able to awaken the recently dead - not for long and not to put right what killed them, but, according to the circumstances of how they met their ends, for long enough to say farewell to their loved ones or to explain how they were killed (or both). The latter possibility has led to the establishment of the Forensic Revival Service, an organisation to assist the police in murder investigations. One of their best operatives is Jonah Miller and at the beginning of the book he undergoes a disturbing experience during what should have been the routine “revival” of a murdered woman. As the story gradually unfolds it becomes apparent that there is something lurking there, down where the dead people go, and it wants to find a way out into the world of the living. It may be may be something beneficial or something dark and malign. As Miller investigates what his friends and colleagues are doing he discovers that there are two undercover factions, one seeking to make contact with this hitherto unknown something and the other trying to prevent contact. The latter group are prepared to resort to extremes of violence and murder, but they may not actually be the bad guys.
Writer Patrick has done a fair job of bringing all the elements of his story together, but it is rendered over- complicated by the way in which flashbacks are used to explain how what has happened in the past influences what is happening in the present while new leading characters have to be introduced with a backstory which needs to be explained. All this tends to make it confusing to follow what is going on in the first part of the book, but once that is over a gripping narrative emerges with one or two wholly unexpected twists as it builds to a climactic conclusion. There is also a hint in an Epilogue that there might be more to come.
What is of particular interest is that although this could easily be dismissed as supernatural horror the underlying themes of the book could alternatively be categorised as SF if the reader chooses to interpret them in that way. It is possible to think that one recognises the derivation of some of these ideas, but the use made of them is sufficiently novel to excuse this and the overall effect is new and exciting.
This is the writer’s first novel and this being so the grounds for the critical comments made above are to a degree excusable. As a first novel it is a remarkable effort and Seth Patrick is certainly a new writer to watch.
Reviewed by Michael Jones Jun-2013 Published by Macmillan

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Benjamin Percy

RED MOON by Benjamin Percy

There has been lots of anticipation surrounding the release of this book; an alternative history epic with lycanthropes. The blurb that comes with the book states that this is part of a 'new wave' of 'literary horror'.
Young Patrick Gamble doesn't want to leave his hometown but knows he has to, as his dad has to go away to fight in the Republic for a 12 month stint, so Patrick is being sent away to live with his mom. Patrick gets on the plane to San Francisco only just noticing the incredibly nervous flyer boarding close to him.
Patrick is waiting to use the cramped airplane loo, when a noise that sounds like a growl emerges from the cubicle, followed swiftly by gore and mayhem as a werewolf/lycan dives out and slaughters everyone on the flight except for Patrick who hides under a dead body and is soon given the moniker 'Miracle Boy'.
Patrick had seen lycans before but only in the newspapers or on TV. In this alternative reality, lycans are forbidden to transform, and are medicated with a drug to stop transformation and control the lycan population. There is already a war going on between the lycans and the norms, and the lycans are using guns and claws alike.
The attack on the plane is a terrorist attack, aimed at drawing attention to the subjugation of the lycans, who, in the majority, live in the 'Lupine Republic'.
The US troops remain in the Republic to keep order and the Iraq metaphor isn't lost on the reader.
Young lycan Claire Forrester is busy looking at college prospectuses choosing her new college based on distance away from her current home. She isn't from a broken home, but nevertheless she needs to get away; she craves something more, despite her Dad pressurising her to apply to his old college, so she can be 'with her own kind'. Like all teenagers, Claire thinks she is different, and though she wants to get away from home, she never imagined the terror of having to go on the run after her parents are murdered by the government. Forced to run and hide, Claire runs to her aunt Miriam, exresistance member who fled her husband and the resistance some years ago.
Governor Chase Williams could very well win election as President, as an ex-soldier of the US troops who toured the Republic in the aftermath of the lycan terrorist attacks. Williams assures his public that swift and severe measures are being taken.
But all is not as straightforward as it seems.
As all three protagonists become caught up in the conflict between humans and lycans their previously unconnected lives become entangled.
Early on I got the feeling we were heading for a Twilight style romance, but luckily, though there is romance involved it is real and integral to the plot. It is wonderfully visceral from the start, yet the slaughter on the plane is as poetic and lyrical in style as the rest of the novel (although this does become a tad heavy handed at times). The werewolves themselves aren't glamorous. The shifting, which is rarely allowed to happen, is full of pain and tears, yet the drug which the lycans are forced to take, dulls the senses.
I mentioned earlier that the blurb calls this book 'literary' horror. If by literary horror the publishers mean an excess of adjectives, metaphors and simile, then this is indeed literary horror. However, I would argue it is SF with lycans.
Though normally associated with horror, these lycans are investigated by a researcher and we find out lots of feasible scientific facts to explain the creatures.
The drug used to control them is part science/part mythology with elements of silver mixed in. And though this is a rather heavy tome; being a hardback coming in over 500 pages, and is heavy at times in the metaphorical sense, the characterisation is strong, particularly Miriam and the world building is pretty solid.
Overall a strong and varied addition to the werewolf subgenre. Worth investigating.

Reviewed by Theresa Derwin Sep-2013 Published by Hodder & Stoughton

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Vicki Pettersson

THE SCENT OF SHADOWS by Vicki Pettersson

Vicki Pettersson. An ex-Vegas showgirl, has done well with her first foray into fantasy writing.
The first instalment of her zodiac trilogy is set in modern day Las Vegas, where a supernatural battle between the light and the shadow rages, each side having 12 members. These zodiac warriors all possess superior senses, speed and strength, in addition to accelerated healing, and each is affiliated to one star sign.
The story follows Joanna Archer, a casino heiress who was brutally raped as a teenager: now 21, she prowls the night as a vigilante. She is also coming into her power as the latest Zodiac warrior, and both sides are fighting to make her their own.
The question is on which side will her allegiance lie?
I found that the story progressed quite slowly at first but after a few chapters began to flow freely, and near the end I couldn't put it down. Her ideas are original and the book has vivid imagery. I found that the characters were interesting but I did not have an emotional connection, in that if one of them died 1 was unaffected yet in other books I have mourned the passing of some characters. Despite this, I would recommend the hooks and personally, I can't wait to see how the rest of the series progresses.

Reviewed by Graham Thorpe Jul-2008 Published by Harper Voyager

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Sarah Pinborough

THE CHOSEN SEED (The Dog-Faced Gods Book Three) by Sarah Pinborough

This is a trilogy that started well. In A MATTER OF BLOOD, the first of the three, we are introduced to Cass Jones, a relatively honest cop in a world where a degree of corruption is accepted as the norm. The shape of the book is a near future thriller with Cass trying to find a serial killer at the same time as trying to cope with the deaths of his brother, Christian, and family. The accepted sequence of events is that Christian killed his wife and son, then himself. Cass is not so sure. Somewhere behind everything is The Bank, for whom Christian used to work, and the mysterious Mr Bright. By the start of THE CHOSEN SEED, Cass has enough evidence to suggest that his nephew, Luke, was exchanged at birth and is still alive somewhere. Cass is also a wanted man, having been framed for two murders and shot during his escape from the officers pursuing him. Other than staying free, he has two objectives – to bring down Mr Bright and to find his nephew. The police, while still hunting him have other concerns. There is a man going around infecting people with a disease called Strain II which makes AIDS look as dangerous as a common cold. Victims deteriorate quickly, usually after having infected several others. The story is told from multiple viewpoints. There is the main narrative of Cass’s search, with the help of underworld friends, for Luke. The search for the new serial killer is followed from the view of several of Cass’s old colleagues, some of whom have concerns about his guilt, others of whom have no such doubt. To fill in the gaps and prevent the reader from wandering around in the dark there are the viewpoints of Mr Bright and his associates. It is mainly through this strand that the real situation can be fully understood. As a fast paced, action-packed thriller, this volume and the two preceding it are enjoyable. The problem is the premise behind the whole set-up headed by Mr Bright. It is difficult to discuss this without revealing the rationale behind these books but I found it a tired theme and was disappointed that Pinborough had descended to an idea that lacked imagination. As a writer, and in most of the scenes and plot twists, she has shown that she has plenty. The other issue to consider is that in A MATTER OF BLOOD there is considerable time given over to the details of this near future Britain. By the time THE CHOSEN Seed is reached this is only paid lip-service and many readers picking up this volume would be hard pressed to spot the differences between Pinborough’s world and our own. It is a shame that a promising trilogy has ended on a down beat. Pauline Morgan

Reviewed by Oct-2012 Published by Gollancz

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Marion Pitman

MUSIC IN THE BONE and other stories by Marion Pitman

This hugely entertaining collection of nineteen stories and a poem is the best of Marion Pitman's fiction from the last 35 years. Almost every piece contains elements of the supernatural, though with a great variety of style and treatment.
There's humour in "The Cupboard of the Winds" (would you like to find a deity living in your airing cupboard?), in "Eyes of God" (full of extreme grotesqueness that shouldn't be taken too seriously), and in "Dead Men's Company" (a new take on sex slaves among 18th century pirates).
Sex, tastefully done, is an ingredient in several stories, notably coupled with music in the title story and in "Saxophony", both told from a female position. "Music in the Bone" is arguably the strongest story here, building tension cleverly with musical performances, couplings and sharp changes of key leading to an unexpected climax.
There are more-or-less traditional ghost stories, including "Out of Season", "Looking Glass", "Christmas Present" and "Forward and Back, Changing Places", though in all of them Pitman manages to surprise the reader (always the most difficult thing about ghost stories).
A surprise ending is not always necessary or suitable. There are folk-tales re-worked here, such as the exquisitely told "The Seal Songs", set in the Hebrides, where the climax is fitting, predictable and not at all disappointing.
Not all the stories make sense, by which I mean that there are wonderfully surreal tales such as "Disposal of the Body", where a visit to a family funeral becomes, by degrees, something entirely different. And there's "District to Upminster" which, if you took it seriously, would inhibit you from catching another train ever again. And I suppose that "Overnight Bus", which is about many things including stalking, travelling in South Africa and cricket, deserves a mention here for an astonishingly surreal dream sequence in the middle of it.
To complete the genres there's SF ("Sunlight in Spelling", with enough good ideas for a novel), a really unpleasant horror story of the "payback time" sort ("Indecent Behaviour") and a fantasy western ("Meeting at the Silver Dollar").
What's exceptional about this collection are the arrangement and the poetic skills of the author. Longer and shorter stories alternate, though not slavishly – and I urge you to read the book in the order it's presented. As a poet, Pitman has a great talent for finding the right word and creating the desired atmosphere, while maintaining a tight hold on her material. She never lets style obscure plot or clarity and she knows that one of the greatest secrets of writing fine short stories is brevity – cutting out all repetitions and inessentials.
You can always judge the quality of an author collection by its weakest story. This is a collection without weak stories.

Reviewed by Chris Morgan Dec-2015 Published by Alchemy

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Tom Pollock

OUR LADY OF THE STREETS (The Skyscraper Throne 3) by Tom Pollock

This is the final book in the Skyscraper Throne trilogy (reviews of the previous two books can be found in Newsletters 518 and 520). In this urban fantasy, the two main protagonists, Beth and Pen have been re-united after Pen’s return from the mirror world of London Under Glass (Book 2 – THE GLASS REPUBLIC).
Unfortunately, the goddess of London, Mater Viae has also returned and she wants to reclaim her throne. In the process she is re-making the city and ordinary inhabitants are dying, trapped in superheated “Fever Streets” or kidnapped by Mater Viae’s creatures, the Claylings for unknown sinister purposes.
In the previous books, thanks to the weird alchemy of the Chemical Synod, Beth had taken on many aspects of the goddess and her health is now linked to the health of the city and the damage caused by Mater Viae means that both Beth and the city are dying. The beleaguered Beth and Pen and her small group of friends must find a way to defeat Mater Viae.
The only alternative remaining to them is to make allies of old enemies but can they be trusted and what will the ultimate cost be to Beth and Pen?
As I have said before Tom Pollock has a vivid imagination and I have thoroughly enjoyed these books. In particular, he has brought a freshness to the urban fantasy field that does not rely on old traditional “creatures”. However, in OUR LADY OF THE STREETS I did feel that the author was to some extent a victim of his own success. In providing us with so many themes and plot strands, in the final book it feels like there is not enough space to address everything in sufficient detail. There are still plenty of good ideas but some characters and situations who the reader cares about are given little space especially the people of the THE GLASS REPUBLIC and Pen and Espel’s romance. Also, the character, Filius Viae from the first book (THE CITY’S SON), although involved to some decree is left to some extent in limbo. The story still has plenty of action and is well-paced and easy to read. However, and again I think this is due to lack of space, the “big bad” Mater Viae is kept “off-stage” for far too long and does not feel like a nuanced villain.
Despite my caveats, if you like urban fantasy I would still recommend this series. Tom Pollock, to my mind has a great deal of talent and given this promising start I look forward to watching him progress.

Reviewed by Carol Goodwin Mar-2015 Published by Jo Fletcher

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THE CITY’S SON (The Skyscraper Throne) by Tom Pollock

Teenage girls Beth and Pen (Parva) were the best of friends. Despite their very different personalities, the outwardly confident Beth and quiet Pen rely on each other. Both have family problems, from Pen’s suffocating parents to Beth’s widowed father who is too lost in grief to notice his daughter. Until one day, Pen betrays Beth. With no-one else she feels she can turn to Beth runs away to the streets. Here she encounters the hidden London filled with strange creatures. Threatened by a Ghostwraith, her life is saved by a young boy, Filius Viae. He is the son of the missing ruler of London, Mater Viae. Left alone since early childhood he has been raised by the various strange inhabitants of this other London. With nowhere else to go, Beth attaches herself to Fil. But Fil is in trouble. The Crane King is extending his control over London and destroying many of Mater Viae’s subjects. In the absence of his mother, Fil should step up to confront him but he is only a young boy and has few powers compared to his missing mother. Beth must help him discover his confidence and recruit allies before London is overrun by the Crane King. However Beth has not been forgotten and her father with the help of Pen tries to find his missing daughter. In the search Pen is captured by the Wire Mistress, chief general of the Crane King. The Wire Mistress needs a human host at the centre of her barbed wire body and so Pen and Beth are arrayed on opposite sides of the conflict.
This is an interesting first novel. The world building and imagination are first class. The creatures of this other London are not standard monsters. They are clearly created from the features and atmosphere of London. Fil’s nursemaid/tutor is Glas, a creature formed freshly each day from the rubbish on the streets, there are the Lamp People who are made of glass and must shelter from rain in the street lights, the Pavement Priests (humans trapped inside stone as a punishment) and the Chemical Synod who brew magic potions from the oil and chemical wastes of the city. The pace is good and it builds well to an action filled conclusion. As a first novel it has some minor niggles – in particular I found the occasional shift to a first person narrative to be jarring. Fantasy is a wide field and what type of fantasy interests you will affect whether this novel appeals or not. It does not have the complicated multiple strands of a fantasy by say Robin Hobb of George RR Martin but for a first novel it shows a lot of promise and if you like urban fantasy it is thoroughly recommended. I like the three main characters and will be interested to see what happens to them in the subsequent sequels. I am not sure whether it is intended as a Young Adult novel but it would clearly appeal to that section of the market.
Reviewed by Carol Goodwin Nov-2014 Published by Jo Fletcher

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THE GLASS REPUBLIC (Skyscraper Throne 2) by Tom Pollock

THE GLASS REPUBLIC is the second in the Skyscraper Throne series. The first book THE CITY’S SON was reviewed in Newsletter 518 (November 2014). In that book, teenage Beth meets the son (named Fil) of Mater Viae, the missing Queen of supernatural London. She helps Fil to defeat the Crane King who was threatening London and free her friend, Parva who had been captured by the Wire Mistress, General of the Crane King’s army.
In this sequel, we take a step back and concentrate on the injured Parva who has been left scarred and mutilated. In many ways I find Parva (nicknamed Pen) a more interesting character. She is quieter and less confident than Beth and struggles to re-integrate back into normal life at school. Without Beth as her defender, and with her self- confidence even lower because of her scarred face, she is left alone to face the bullies who now taunt her even more.
However the magic still touches her life. In the previous novel, we were introduced to the Mirror World. If you step between two facing mirrors, creating an infinity of reflections then you generate a mirror doppelganger who exists in the Mirror World (called London under Glass) behind the mirrors. Inadvertently this happens and Pen’s mirror image becomes her new friend and solace, conversing at mirrors until she goes missing and the reflected room shows a pool of blood and a bloody handprint. With little to keep her in this world, Pen makes a bargain with the mysterious alchemists, the Chemical Synod to allow her to cross over to London under Glass to try and rescue her reflection. On the other side she finds a world where her scars make her beautiful and a major celebrity. Everyone assumes she is her mirror twin who is being used as a pawn by the ruling Mirrostocracy. Befriending a young worker, a steeple Jill called Espel, she begins to uncover the truth behind her twin’s disappearance and the brutal and repressive Mirrorstocracy. This climaxes with the revealing of the dreadful secret which keeps the ruling class in power.
As I said of THE CITY’S SON, Tom Pollock is an author full of ideas and imagination. He is excellent at worldbuilding and inventing creatures which do not rely on old tropes and fairy tales. If I had any criticism of THE CITY’S SON it was almost too full of ideas. In this book I liked the tighter focus on Pen and her new friendship with Espel. It was a bold step to shift the focus away from Beth and Fil but it works well. That said the strange world of London under Glass and its strange denizens again shows his talent for worldbuilding but it is the growth and increasing independence of Pen which I particularly liked. The author is clearly improving his craft and his characters have increased depth whilst still retaining the pace and action of a good story. Also the occasional viewpoint shift which niggled me in the first book is now gone. This is in my view a better novel than the first (which I thoroughly enjoyed). The characters and the themes (particularly learning to value yourself and the superficial judgement of others based on physical appearance) are likely to appeal particularly to a young adult market but also to a wider market including fans of urban fantasy.

Reviewed by Carol Goodwin Jan-2015 Published by Jo Fletcher

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Terry Pratchett

A BLINK OF THE SCREEN by Terry Pratchett

Terry Pratchett is of course best known for novels – fifty at last count, not including various collaborations and much else – but like many another successful writer his first published work was a short story, two decades before the first Discworld book. That story is reproduced here, together with a collection of other work spanning most of his writing career, all with explanatory introductions and supplemented by Josh Kirby illustrations the majority of which have not previously appeared on, or in, books. The book is subtitled “Collected Shorter Fiction” rather than “Collected Short Stories” which is as it should be: although every word in it (apart from the afore-mentioned introductions) is fiction, there are several pieces where anything constituting a narrative is conspicuous by its absence. But no matter – in fact, some of the pseudo-nonfiction items are arguably better than the stories. Unsurprisingly, there are several Discworld stories, variously featuring such familiar characters as Cohen the Barbarian, Granny Weatherwax, the Wizards of Unseen University, Corporal Carrot and Death. The two-thirds of the book which is non-Discworld contains some fantasy, including that first teenage story which is quite powerful, although the writing style could be described, forgiveably, as a trifle naïve. However, there are also several stories which provide irrefutable evidence that inside the well-known writer of comic fantasy is a first-rate SF writer trying to get out – and usually succeeding! It is also of interest to find here a story which provided the original idea for THE LONG EARTH recently developed with Stephen Baxter as a novel.
It would be overstating the case to say that this collection provides a comprehensive overview of Pratchett’s writing career. Between 1965 and 1970, for example, he wrote 247 story episodes for the children’s column in the local newspaper where he was then employed, although judging by the samples reproduced here the less said about these the better, and there are probably another one or two stories from this era which remain uncollected. Nevertheless it is a reasonably complete selection which displays a considerable range of styles and talents. Some pieces are merely humorous while some are out-and-out jokes; withal some are quite totally serious. Taking it all-in-all this is superb, confirming Pratchett (as if confirmation were needed) as a born writer, brimming with ideas and abundantly possessed of the ability to turn them into words. It should be on the bookshelves of every reader who has ever enjoyed his work and of a good many more who do not yet know what they are missing.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Dec-2012 Published by Doubleday

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CITY WATCH TRILOGY by Terry Pratchett

This book consists of Guards! Guards!, Men at Arms and Feet o f Clay.
There seems to be, nowadays, three camps where Terry Pratchett is concerned. The first, which I fall into, is the one that loves his work, the second is the one that doesn’t like his work and the third, the one that is dwindling almost daily, the one where people have not read his work.
Saying that, I thought this book would be a nice easy book to read and review and, to be honest, it was very easy to read. It is also simple to review. It is great!
The fact that three of the best of his Discworld stories are put into one volume made it a lot easier to read them in continuation, whereas the first time round I had to wait for two or maybe three years between stories.
Guards! Guards! The first novel of this trilogy introduces us to Captain Vimes, Carrot, Nobby Nobbs and Sargent Colon of the City Watch, and Lady Ramkin, who breeds swamp dragons, raises funds for the Sunshine sanctuary for Sick Dragons and owns half o f Ankh-Morpork. Someone has summoned a dragon into the city and it is appearing, disintegrating people and burning houses, then disappearing again. Vimes knows there is a crime involved but doesn’t quite know which one. And since the arrival of Carrot something strange has been happening to the Watch; they have been trying to catch criminals.
Men at Arms continues the story of the Watch. Vimes is retiring and marrying Lady Ramkin. Someone has stolen the Gonne from the Assassin’s Guild and now they are taking pot-shots at important people in the city, including Sam Vimes. And if that wasn’t enough, he only has until noon tomorrow to crack the case.
Feet of Clay finalises the trilogy. Vimes is now Commander of the Watch and Carrot is the Captain. Someone is murdering seemingly innocent people in the city. They are also poisoning the Patrician. Nobby Nobbs has been made an Earl. When the city golems start committing suicide Vimes has yet another problem on his hands.
Terry Pratchett has three of his best works in one volume and if you have never read any o f his work before this is probably one of the best ways to start reading the Discworld novels. But then again, I am a little biased.

Reviewed by Dan Waters Apr-2000 Published by Gollancz

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THE LAST HERO (Illustrated by Paul Kidby) by Terry Pratchett

THE LAST HERO first appeared in a large (28 x 23 cm) and handsomely produced hardback edition, followed in due course by a softbound version with several added illustrations. It is now reissued in a smaller (20 x 17 cm) version, still softbound, inclusive of the extra illustrations — actually eight double-page spreads — and about half the price.
The story, briefly, is that Cohen the Barbarian and his equally ancient chums plan to go out in a blaze of glory, heedless of the fact that they may bring about the end of the (disc)world. Clearly they must be stopped, and how better to do it than to send the inept and cowardly Rincewind in a dragon-powered spaceship designed by Leonard of Quirm to intercept them. Cue various comedic high jinks. However, as so often with Discworld books, the actual story is to some extent of only secondary importance. It serves as a vehicle for musings on such serious subjects as religion, worship and the nature of belief, life and death, friendship and loyalty, and the power of story.
Note that this is in no way a graphic novel as such, although some of the illustrations are virtually part of the text — and all serve to enhance it to some degree, so that it would be a lesser book without them.
A reader familiar with the Discworld books will know pretty much what to expect, and it would serve as a reasonable introduction to a newcomer.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Nov-2007 Published by Gollancz/Orion

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Terry Pratchett & Stephen Briggs

LU-TZE’S YEARBOOK OF ENLIGHTENMENT (Illustrated by Paul Kidby) by Terry Pratchett & Stephen Briggs

How do you review a diary? —because, despite the grandiose title, that is what this is. Well — it has all the dates for next year, with a space to write something for every day, and a calendar for the year and one for the year after, and somewhere to put your name and address and everything. So far so OK then.
Of course, the “important” part is contained in the first twenty or so pages, where one finds an exposition of the meaning of life according to Lu-Tze, which is found to be based upon the Way of Mrs Cosmopolite. This is supplemented by brief references to several other of the Discworld’s more recondite characters. In the diary pages important dates are noted such as Soul Cake Day and Hogswatch (to say nothing of the date of the Sto Plains Tiddly- Winks Finals) and most weeks carry a cod philosophy entry from the Way of Mrs Cosmopolite already referred to.
All in all then, it is neither one thing nor the other. It would be a waste to buy it just as a Discworld book, however good that part of it may be — and it is quite amusing. On the other hand, one would hardly want to use it as a diary and then keep it on the bookshelf for ever after with most of it filled with twelve months of out-of-date scribbles.
Either way, some might consider it as expensive for what it is, although it might work as a present to give a dedicated fan — or one for him to give himself. It is up to the individual really.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Nov-2007 Published by Gollancz/Orion

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Terry Pratchett and Vadim Jean

Terry Pratchett’s HOGFATHER: The Illustrated Screenplay by Terry Pratchett and Vadim Jean

Illustrated by Stephen Player
This is of course, the screenplay of the television production of HOGFATHER first broadcast at Christmas (or Hogswatch) just over a year ago. It is profusely, as well as very attractively, illustrated, with both publicity stills and shots from the broadcast as well as concept drawings and the like to make a pleasing souvenir of what one may or may not consider to have been a successful production. Plus its main raison d’etre, a version of the script. I say a version because there are many differences from a previous edition of the book published a year ago and I am in fact by no means certain that either conforms exactly to the final broadcast.
Be that as it may, one wonders at whom this is actually aimed. It provides little, if anything, which could not be enjoyed to better effect by watching the TV movie, while on the other hand it cannot possibly serve as an effective alternative to the original book as a version to read. Perhaps the best way to use it would be to have it on one’s lap while watching the TV, thereby hoping to enhance understanding and enjoyment - if you are sad enough!
But enough of that - the most useful purpose this review can serve is to let you know that such a book exists. A keen collector may choose to buy it as a souvenir and will probably not be disappointed. Someone more cynical might dismiss it as a money-making publicity exercise.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2008 Published by Gollancz

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Cherie Priest

BONESHAKER by Cherie Priest

In nineteenth-century Seattle, in an alternative U.S.A., an eccentric inventor named Leviticus Blue accepted a contract to build a tunnelling machine to be used to bore through the ice of the Klondike in search of gold. On completing it however, he tested it on a destructive journey under the financial district of the city, causing widespread death and destruction, and then disappeared. Unfortunately, his depredations also opened a geological rift which released a subterranean source of poison gas, contact with which killed many people and turned those of the remainder who were unable to escape into zombies. Within a year the city had been surrounded by a massive wall two hundred feet high to contain the gas. A fragment of the original populace continued to inhabit the decaying city, living a hand-to-mouth underground existence and forced to wear gas-masks and fight off the zombies whenever they venture out into the open.
Fifteen years later, Blue’s son Ezekiel makes his way inside the city with the intention of learning the truth about him. His mother, Blue’s widow, realising he has little idea of what he may be getting into, follows in the hope of rescuing him from the consequences of his folly.
The book recounting all this tries to be science fiction, steampunk, a zombie story and an adventure yarn all at the same time and because it tries to do all things at once it ends up not doing any of them very well. The tunnelling machine with which it begins is unoriginal and the release of poison gas from underground is implausible, as are its effects; the zombies, here called “rotters” because they are living people gone rotten rather than re-animated corpses, are no more believable than such usually are and although there is a certain amount of gadgetry involved it seems to be designed, if that is the right word to use, to fit the needs of the story rather than to be technologically realistic. On the plus side it is quite well-written and the characters of Zeke and his mother are rounded and complete although some of the subsidiary characters are less so.
The Clockwork Century novels, of which this is the first, have become well-established in the U.S. during the last three or four years. On this evidence some might find it difficult to see what all the fuss is about.
Reviewed by Michael Jones Apr-2013 Published by Tor

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Christopher Priest

THE GRADUAL by Christopher Priest

Christopher Priest is a very stylish writer. Not only is he able to tell an enthralling story without the verbosity of some modern writers, he fills the prose with subtlety and reaches out to the intellect of the reader. THE GRADUAL is a very fine book.
Priest first visited the Dream Archipelago in a series of stories written between 1978 and 1999 when they were collected together in a volume bearing that title. The Archipelago consists of thousands of islands mostly scattered across an equatorial sea. Although many have names, it has proved impossible to map them. No attempt provides the same pattern but each island has its own characteristics. The 2011 novel, THE ISLANDERS, is written as a gazetteer of some of the islands throughout which a narrative unfolds. The sequence begins to show in more detail the anomalies visitors have to contend with. In THE GRADUAL, some of these are explored rather than explained.
This novel is narrated by Alesandro Sussken. He is a native of the continental country of Glaund. His country has been at war with its neighbour for a long time. Tired of bombing each other’s civilian populations, they have agreed to fight the war on the uninhabited Southern continent. Each youth is expected to do military service and Alesandro’s older brother is waved off with the expectation that he will return in four years. It doesn’t happen. Alesandro gets on with his life, making a name for himself as a composer. It is this that gains him a place on a cultural exchange tour of part of the archipelago. It is only when he returns after the tour of nine weeks that he discovers there is a problem. In Glaund, eighteen months have passed. His house is closed up with bills left unpaid, his wife has moved out and his parents have died. Alesandro is philosophical. He cannot understand what has happened but there is nothing can do about it. So, he gets on with his life, composing and teaching. Then, at the age of fifty, he gets an offer he cannot refuse. The Generalissima, leader of the country, honours him by asking him to create the music for a gala celebration. He will be paid more money than he has ever earned in his life. She outlines the pattern that she wants his composition to take. Refusal is likely to be taken as traitorous behaviour and since the country is under martial law, this probably means execution. Alesandro accepts the money, transfers as much as he can to an off-shore account and flees into the Dream Archipelago.
As Alessandro begins his travels, he starts to understand what happened all those years ago on the concert tour. The archipelago is threaded through with a gradual. This speeds up or slows down the passage of time. He needs the help of the young people he noticed hanging around the Shelterate building that acted as customs and immigration on his previous visit. These guides help adjust the time lost and gained by circuitous routes so that overall expected time progression is maintained.
THE GRADUAL has a tightly controlled narrative where some of the plot twists are as unexpected as the gradual itself. Some follow logically from the narrative but Priest is the kind of writer who will happily play with the minds of characters and readers. To explain here the themes that run through the archipelago would be to spoil the satisfaction of the reader as they work it out.
Alessandro developed a fascination with the islands of the Dream Archipelago from the moment he glimpsed the nearest from an attic window, even though the history of his country denied their existence. As a reader, I hope you will become equally fascinated by them. This is a thoroughly enjoyable novel.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Jan-2017 Published by Gollancz

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THE SEPARATION by Christopher Priest

This is the story of two identical twins, Jacob and Joseph Sawyer and the effect that they had on the war between England and Germany in 1941.
The story presents several alternate histories that blur into one another to such an extent that people from one time-line are often confronted with people and stories from another. To add to the confusion, stories are presented from personal recollection, diaries and state papers. Some parts are even common to more than one history.
I can’t comment on the accuracy of the portrayals of historical figures and I suspect that there is enough disparate opinion that very few people could say for sure. The story-telling is good and the variations are often subtle enough to pass without notice but sometimes the segments are blatantly from a different alternate. I suspect that this could become more confused the more attention I paid to the plot. This story could get much worse or much better with re- reading.

Reviewed by William McCabe Oct-2007 Published by Gollancz

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Hannu Rajaniemi

THE CAUSAL ANGEL by Hannu Rajaniemi

This book presents several challenges to an old and old-fashioned reader of science fiction. Hannu Rajaniemi has a reputation as being among the hardest of hard SF writers, and it feels perilous to avoid or dismiss difficulties when their author has a PhD in the field of string theory, and a day job as director of a commercial research organisation, ThinkTank Math. And there is an arcane literary challenge in that some of the characters come straight from the Arsène Lupin novels of Maurice Leblanc. Lupin is a French master criminal something on the lines of Robin Hood, with an eyeglass and top hat, and one of the few to prove a match for his contemporary, Sherlock Holmes, or rather Herlock Sholmes as he appears in Leblanc’s stories. Jean le Flambeur (John the Gambler) also appears as Paul Sernine (anagram- geddit?) in THE CAUSAL ANGEL. There are further echoes of Jules Verne and C. S. Lewis, plus a final little difficulty in that the book is third in a trilogy!
I was glad to see the Victor Gollancz publisher’s mark on the review copy, as this is a name often found on many classics of the SF genre, old and new. And the name has been something of a support during what has proved to be a demanding time.
Let us begin asking the meaning of the title – who or what is the causal angel? I believe it is the character named Mieli. This is a Finnish name, short for Mielikki, the forest goddess, and also a Finnish word meaning ‘mind’. She has the appearance of an angel; she was raised in the Oort Cloud, which seems to be where the Finns settled after Earth became too uncomfortable due to independent rogue software called ‘wildcode’. Hannu Rajaniemi himself is Finnish, and also writes SF in that language. If you think settling the Oort Cloud strange, then how do you find Australia recreated as a walking city on the planet Mars? And causality itself is no longer certain in the quantum world depicted here.
The book opens with the destruction of Earth: “Alone of the timeless beach, Joséphine Pellegrini finds herself disappointed by the end of the world.” This feels like good strong SF, where straightaway we meet a being, old and detached enough to wish to view such an event, and also able to treat it as a kind of performance. It goes on: “As Ragnaröks go she has seen better . . . This is merely the final withering of an ancient placenta, long since overdue.” We are in a time distant from the present, but still within the Solar System; much of the book turns upon vast changes taking place there, and how and where to seek refuge from them. Joséphine has a brooding presence throughout the story, ancient and suffering in body, relentless and crystal clear in mind, and a descendent of Napoleon’s Joséphine in the Arsène Lupin originals.
The far future action centres around Saturn, its rings and satellites; the reader needs some idea of the meaning of Trojan asteroids and Lagrange Points. The way people live, with access to multiple versions of themselves, and the existence of at least partially self-sustaining software, have the feel of some strange fantasies, even though firmly based I believe on current theories of quantum physics.
Although much of the interest of science fiction lies in appreciation of the genre itself, lasting evaluation should be based on the same criteria as any other literature: an effective story, interesting characters, elements such as knowledge and humour, and ultimately a confidence that the author understands at least some of the important things that make up our humanity, and how we choose or are sometimes forced to live. I find it difficult to measure THE CAUSAL ANGEL against such criteria. The quantum science persists as a barrier, and while the literary background lends the story some mythical and even heroic elements, I am not sure how far the book presents a possible reality in which recognisable human beings have to endure and attempt to thrive.
Therefore I leave the book feeling some frustration with my only partial understanding. However Rajaniemi certainly deserves further interest and the obvious place to start is to read the first two novels in the trilogy:THE QUANTUM THIEF and THE FRACTAL PRINCE.

Reviewed by Tim O’Mara Sep-2014 Published by Gollancz

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THE QUANTUM THIEF by Hannu Rajaniemi

Rajaniemi is a Finnish scientist living and working in the UK and has had a number of short stories published. This is the first fruit of a three book deal landed on the basis of a 24-page sample.
It seems initially a strange and difficult book to get into. It opens with a professional thief, Jean le Flambeur, held in a strange glass prison where he is repeatedly pitted in competition against various entities - frequently replicas of himself - with death (and subsequent revival) as the penalty for losing. This is intended to lead to his eventual redemption. Then he is rescued by a woman from the outer solar system in a sentient spidership who takes him to Mars, where he had lived before under a different identity. Here he will be expected to pay for his rescue by committing a final crime.
It gradually becomes apparent that life in ‘the moving city of the Oubliette’ is rooted in an elaborate computer system referred to as exomemory which stores all data – the environment, senses, thoughts, everything. Individual personalities can be downloaded into reprinted bodies and can exchange memories with each other through encrypted channels. They are allowed time in these bodies on the basis of time spent downloaded into construction and maintenance machines and the like; can be resurrected if they die, and can return with new bodies and new identities. On the other hand, murder can be committed by scrambling the exomemory record of an individual, thus completely excising his or her personality.
One way of looking at this book is as a description of a future of amazing possibilities, a futuristic setting where personalities, bodies and memories are digital, changeable and fluid. This setup leads to new ways of looking at such issues as self-identity, individuality, personal privacy and even death. In fact, the reader is led into a maze where nothing is as it seems and it is almost impossible to determine what (or who) is real and what is not. At the same time, it is a story on a classic theme, a conflict between a thief and a detective, but in the kind of setting first created by William Gibson and progressed by the likes of Neal Stephenson and Greg Egan.
Whether it merits the fervent enthusiasm with which it has been greeted in some circles may in my view be debatable. There are a lot of advanced ideas to understand, some of which are only partially explained, if at all, so that a great deal is demanded of the reader. Nevertheless it is certainly an extraordinary piece of technical SF.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Oct-2010 Published by Gollancz

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Robert Rankin

THE DA-DA-DE-DA-DA CODE by Robert Rankin

When Rog offered me this book he began by saying: "Dave - have you read The Da Vinci Code?" When I said that I had, he replied' "Here you are then, this is for you!". So I should probably start by saying that the Rankin book has nothing at all to do with the Brown one, apart from the punning title. Actually this conspiracy is much, much bigger than the one in the Brown book, because it affects everyone, and the fate of our whole world. Unless, of course, it's all in the mind of Jonathan 'Jonny' Hooker, the hero of this book, because his is a very strange mind. For one thing, since his childhood he has had an imaginary friend, who prefers to be known as an NCC - a non-corporeal companion - by the name of the Monkey Man, who wears a brightlycoloured waistcoat and a fez, and claims to have escaped from a circus.
Jonny receives a Very Special Letter informing him that he has been selected by a Competition Supercomputer to be a WINNER (we've all received those, haven't we?). But in order to claim his prize he has to solve the Da-Da-De- Da-Da Code. Being a musician (he plays lead guitar in Dry Rot, which plays at the Middle Man on Heavy Metal Nights), Jonny know that all tunes contain 'da-da-de-da-da' somewhere, 'Waltzing Matilda' being perhaps the best- known example. But it becomes more sinister when he realizes that it also has something to do with the Devil's Chord or Devil's Interval, an augmented fourth or diminished fifth, which gives the listener a sense of unease, or restlessness, which needs resolution. It's also used in the title music of The Simpsons, and The Dance of the Sugar-plum Fairy. And not a lot of people know that. It also turns out that Robert Johnson, legendary blues player who sold his soul to the Devil, actually played his thirtieth song at the Middle Man; the barman and owner has a photo behind the bar to prove it. Later, he even produces Robert Johnson's Gibson guitar from a storeroom, and Jonny gets to play it, with remarkable results.
Near the beginning of the story there are several deaths, by beheading, for which Jonny is a prime suspect until he apparently becomes a victim.
But he continues regardless, under the disguise of a Gunnersbury Park Ranger. There is so much more, and it's impossible to describe it in any detail here, such as the involvement of the Air Loom Gang, from the year 1790, who are able to magnetise people and make them do their bidding, via music played on their amazing machine, and the appearance, near the end, of Elvis as one of a group of Rulers who almost plunge the world into a nuclear holocaust, under the influence of the Air Loom.
Robert Rankin books are rather like Marmite, or Brussels sprouts, which everyone either loves or hates. Personally I love them: to me Robert Rankin is much funnier than Terry Pratchett, and indeed he's the only author who never fails to make me laugh out loud (which can get you funny looks if you do it on a crowded train). It's a tradition, or an old charter, or something. .

Reviewed by Dave Hardy Sep-2007 Published by Gollancz/Orion

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THE FANDOM OF THE OPERATOR by Robert Rankin

OK, this is another book by Robert Rankin. One of approximately 22 that he has written. He has visited the Brum Group twice - not always to unanimous approval, but to much appreciation from the audience. So if you have never read him, you have only yourself to blame. Even the Daily Express said: "Everybody should read at least one Robert Rankin in their life." And you can't argue with the Daily Express, if you know what I mean, and I'm sure that you do. It's a tradition, or an old charter, or something.
To get to specifics, this book is a little different from most of Rankin's. True, it does take place in Brentford, as do most of his. But it doesn't follow the antics of the usual characters, such as Neville the part-time barman at The Hying Swan and his regulars, Jim Pooley and Jon Omally. It does, however, feature the famous fictional detective, Lazio Woodbine, and even more strongly his writer, P.P.Penrose (real name Charlie), whose death sets Gary Cheese, the hero (?) of the current work, onto a path which becomes ever more bound up with death and the dead, and even necromancy.
Indeed, in the course of his new job (for life) at the Brentford Telephone Exchange, he finds himself communicating with the dead. And there are aliens.
And dead aliens. Also unusually for Rankin, it follows the life of our hero through various stages, from a small boy to the age of 27 or so.
So, if you like humorous science fiction - and I use the term loosely ('science fiction', that is, not 'humorous') - you really should try this. Personally I find Rankin's writing original, irreverent, often rude, but readable, fast-moving and very funny. Take the Express's advice, and read a Rankin.
Reviewed by Dave Hardy Feb-2002 Published by Doubleday

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THE JAPANESE DEVIL FISH GIRL AND OTHER UNNATURAL ATTRACTIONS by Robert Rankin

Firstly, I would never have picked up this book from Rog’s Table Boutique of Fine Review Books if it weren’t for the cover. It’s fantastic, and for those of you who aren’t aware, crafted by Mr Rankin himself. What a refreshing cover to see, and I can’t remember when I was last taken by a cover enough to start judging the book by it, but I did, and looked forward to a fine read.
THE JAPANESE DEVIL FISH GIRL is an alternate history steampunk, set after H.G. Wells’s WAR OF THE WORLDS. Wrecked Martian ships have been back engineered and Mars is a part of the British Empire. The key character is George Fox, a hapless but loveable young lad frequently fleeced and put-upon by his boss, Professor Coffin, as they travel around with their Unnatural Attractions show, which exhibits amongst other things, a pickled Martian. George meets Ada Lovelace, who also initially attempts to fleece him, and the three of them make their way through a world full of dirigibles, goggles and top hats on an adventure looking for the best exhibit of all, the Japanese Devil Fish Girl.
Firstly, if you are not a fan of steampunk, you probably won’t like this. If you are a fan of steampunk, you may not like your steampunk flavoured with double measure of Rankin. I’ve come to realise that steampunk is quite the fashion these days and for steampunks it is almost a lifestyle choice (if the reader is not aware of this phenomenon, I suggest googling ‘steampunk’ into your steampowered computing device for further insight). Consequently, throughout the book there are many references that will make steampunkers happy: goggles, little ladies top hats, funny little machines that puff steam and do miraculous things, bustles and noticeably dastardly fiends and villains.
The story trips along at a wonderful pace, full of Rankin’s witty observations, delightful prose, jokes and pure silliness. There are appearances from many historical characters of note, including Mr Churchill, Mr Babbage and Mr Tesla.
If I have any criticisms at all, it’s that sometimes a scene seems to have been built to make a joke – a funny joke, but nevertheless perhaps one that the reader may have seen some distance off. This book is simply fun to read. Sam Fennell

Reviewed by Feb-2011 Published by Gollancz

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THE MECHANICAL MESSIAH AND OTHER MARVELS OF THE MODERN AGE by Robert Rankin

I should probably start by saying that it helps if you have read THE JAPANESE DEVIL FISH GIRL, as while this book is not exactly a sequel it is set in the same ‘universe’. That is, the War of the Worlds (and WW2) has happened, the world’s technology is basically steampunk, enlightened (literally) by Mr. Nikola Tesla’s new electricity, and we are regularly visited by Venusians and Jupiterians, or Jovians. Under the leadership of Winston Churchill the Martians were of course defeated in the first Worlds War, and we then went to Mars and committed genocide on the rest of the Martian race. . . Also, if the Rankin novels you have read previously have been from the Brentford Trilogy series (of which there are far more than three) and you’re expecting more of the exploits of John Omally and Jim Pooley, centred around the Flying Swan, you’re in for a surprise. While none of Bob’s books can really be said to be science fiction as we know it (Jim), he has clearly embraced the steampunk ethic and has really entered into the spirit of it. The main characters here are Cameron Brown, a private detective, whose nemesis is Commander Case of Scotland Yard; Alice Lovell – the Alice of Wonderland fame, who takes to the stage of the Electric Alhambra with her trained kiwi birds; Lord Andrew Ditchfield, the Alhambra’s owner, and Colonel Katterfelto, who has now acquired the talking monkey, Darwin, who first appeared in the previous novel. But we also meet Joseph Merrick, better known as The Elephant Man, Aleister Crowley (who requires no introduction), and a sinister, black-caped mystery figure who intends to take over the world and bring it to its knees in worship of him alone. Indeed, all worlds. But Mr. Bell has found the Ring of Moses, which the Beast needs in order to complete his dastardly plans, and much of the story concerns the Beast’s attempts to wrest it from him. In passing, we also meet Charles Babbage, who is responsible for the amazingly intricate workings of the Electric Alhambra, and Surgeon General Sir Frederick Treves, who looks after Joseph Merrick and tries to thwart his many rather malicious practical jokes. Not to mention The Travelling Formbys, so I won’t. (By the way, if the dates of some of the characters don’t seem to coincide, don’t worry about it. The author doesn’t.) Colonel Katterfelto has already constructed one Mechanical Messiah, in Wormcast, Arizona, but it failed to become imbued with divine energies as expected. Thanks to Darwin the citizens of Wormcast took it instead to be a demon employed by the Antichrist, and it all ended, Frankenstein-like, in blazing torches and flames. As a result he is reduced taking his Katterfelto’s Clockwork Minstrels to the stage, to join Alice’s ferocious kiwis. But he is not deterred: thanks to skilful writing, it turns out that a missing ingredient, essential to bringing his creation to life, is a form of gold called Magonian, found lying around only on the surface of Venus. So, of course, a hunting expedition to Venus is joined by the colonel and his monkey. Here Alice also has an encounter with a White Rabbit. Many adventures ensue, and it all ends, as you may expect, with a mighty battle between the Powers of Darkness and Light. I won’t spoil the ending for you, but if you enjoy a rollicking adventure tale with a good few laughs thrown in, this is for you! I can’t end, however, without a word of praise for the cover art, which in the case of both books is (of course) by the author. On this book in particular he has excelled himself, with a magnificent line drawing; and chapter headers, to boot.

Reviewed by David A Hardy Dec-2011 Published by Gollancz

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WAITING FOR GODALMING by Robert Rankin

Oh dear. Robert Rankin has started repeating himself If you are a regular reader of his work you may think this is a silly statement, since much of his humour is based on repetition, running jokes, recurring characters. . . I have read all his books, I think. I got the 'Brentford Triangle' trilogy after his first talk to the Brum Group on 15 February 1985 (data courtesy William McCabe), and have built up my paperback library since his last (somewhat controversial) visit. The guy makes me laugh. 1 well remember the looks 1 got from the other passengers as I sat on the sundeck of the Eclipse cruise ship last July, chortling to myself. Well I had to cheer myself up, having seen nothing of the eclipse but a black cloud.
However, in several of his books (eg. THE BOOK OF ULTIMATE TRUTHS) he has a character called Cornelius Murphy, who has a very small friend called Tuppe. In THE MOST AMAZING MAN WHO EVER LIVED, God has closed down Hell. Etc. In several of the books one of the characters (sometimes Elvis) has a Guardian Sprout living in his head (well, you see, God ran out of people, so had to start using other creatures, ending up with vegetables. It's all quite logical.) In at least one book, only our heroes can see that some humans are really monstrous devils in disguise.
In this latest novel the main character is Icarus Smith, who encounters a very small man called Johnny Boy. And both Heaven and Hell have been closed down. And only they can see that there are monsters among us. Sound familiar?
Rankin goes further though. God is murdered (by his wife, Eartha, or his son Colin?), and another recurring character, Lazlo Woodbine, an archetypal detective who always works in the first person and only does four locations — his office, the bar, the alleyway and the rooftop — is brought in to solve the murder. Or is he really Icarus Smith's brother, under the delusion that he is Lazlo Woodbine?
If you want to find out, get this book. It's still a good read, and OK for a few laughs, but as you may have gathered, it's not as original as his earlier works

Reviewed by David A Hardy Nov-2000 Published by Doubleday

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Rod Rees

INVENT-10N by Rod Rees

It is always good to see an author who is prepared to experiment, and to do it with relative success. So many avant garde novels fail at the first hurdle, which is to entertain the reader at the same time as playing with words, concepts and formats. One of the best in recent years is THE RAW SHARK TEXTS by Steven Hall.
The background to the story in INVERT-10N is fifteen years on from now and considering the current refugee status in Europe, scarily prophetic. Certain towns such as Blackpool and Scarborough have been given over to migrants or Gees. These have been fenced off from the rest of the country. UK citizens can go in, Gees cannot leave. Although life in the enclaves is tough, they are free from the constant surveillance the rest of the country has to put up with. Political correctness has gone mad. Just swearing or dressing inappropriately can earn demerits or bennies (Benign Index Score). Too many and you get punished. So to let your hair down, you visit the enclaves where surveillance is banned.
The two main characters are Jennifer Moreau and Sebastian Davenport. They are total opposites but are both keeping a journal. The former is the singer in a band – Jenni-Fur and the Joy Poppers. Jenni-Fur performs in the enclaves where she can dress provocatively and “diss” the government in the lyrics of her songs. She is a kind of futuristic punk. In her day-job, she is a journalist. Sebastian works for the government on the National Protection Agency. Jenni-Fur writes her journal on an old fashioned typewriter because there is no way that it can be hacked and her privacy violated. Sebastian uses conventional methods, such as a computer for his. Hers is full of politically incorrect comments and slang, his is written in proper English.
The event that takes them both to Scarborough is when Ivan Nitko, a Russian deportee, wins the World Stone Skimming Championship. Not remarkable in itself but the question of cheating is raised. Both Jenni-Fur and Sebastian are sent to investigate. Ivan is quite open. He won with Invent-10n. The device generates power using only water. This is almost free energy. Ivan, a recluse, appoints Jenni-Fur as his agent and publicist. Sebastian is instructed to get examples of the device so that government labs can dissect and reproduce them. Ivan is very happy for them to try. Ivan will supply as many units as are required for political concessions but he has to activate all units. All sides see an advantage and are willing to give concessions.
To separate the two opposing accounts of events, the journals are presented in different type faces, as if they were produced in the ways suggested. The extracts are interspersed with other items – security transcripts, news reports, propaganda, history texts and other items which together provide a snapshot of the future Rees has envisioned. Some of these enhance the book, others are over-wordy and boring. To have impact there should perhaps have been less of them. The other problem is that Jenni-Fur’s journal is highly spiced with slang and although this is meant to give street-cred to the writing, it is rather overwhelming, especially at the start.
This book is very mixed in its success. Some readers will be enthralled, others irritated by it. The vision of the future is bleak but indicative of the thinking of some sections of the population. Above all, this book is a brave attempt at being different and, like Jenni-Fur, Rees does not want to follow the herd.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Oct-2015 Published by Alchemy

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Alastair Reynolds

BEYOND THE AQUILA RIFT by Alastair Reynolds

As this volume is billed as the Best of Alastair Reynolds, the expectation is that all the stories are good. In fact, they are excellent, and they are all science fiction.
Any writer of hard SF has a problem – how to get characters out of the solar system. In the old days, the most popular method was the ‘bullshit’ drive. Forget the physics, forget the technology, just put the spaceship into gear and go. While ramping up the warp factor might be fine for Star Trek, fiction writers these days try to think the problem through. Sometimes they stay with the physics we currently understand, and stick to sub-light mechanisms, or explore other ways of getting from place to place. In these stories, Reynolds has explored a number of techniques.
In many of Reynold’s novels, humanity has expanded out from the solar system and has divided into factions. Most use some kind of technology to increase their abilities but the Ultras have gone to extremes often becoming more machine that human. The Conjoiners have used technology to become almost a hive mind. In this universe, lighthuggers are the space ships of choice. They can travel at near the speed of light but never faster. They are powered by C(onjoiner)-drives. ‘Great Wall Of Mars’ takes the REVELATION SPACE time-line back to when the Conjoiners were feared and quarantined on Mars. The Great Wall was designed as a terraforming agent with a breathable atmosphere within it. The Conjoiners keep trying to escape and Nevil Clavain is sent to give them a final warning – if they try again, the Conjoiners will be wiped out. Those who have read the novels will know that this doesn’t happen. In ‘Weather’ the title character is a Conjoiner separated from the rest of her nest. She is rescued from a pirate ship. It is through her that we learn some of the secrets of the C-drive.
Two other stories are set in the same universe, using the same ship technology, though that is a minor part events. ‘Diamond Dogs’ involves a group persuaded that their skills are what is needed to conquer a strange artefact on a distant planet. The spire consists of a vast series of rooms through which you can only pass by solving a mathematical or spacial problem. Failure to do so results in death. ‘The Last Log Of The Lachrimosa’ takes the crew to a distant planet in search of salvage or alien artefacts – anything that can be made to turn a profit.
Any system that has an origin on Earth, tends to accept the concept that FTL is not possible. In ‘Thousandth Night’, the people who gather to share experiences at a reunion have each been travelling the universe for two hundred thousand years. They are actually all splinters of the same personality and the occasion is to merge experiences. Then Purslane realises that Burdock has related false memories as they suggest that he and Campion were in the same place at the same time. This story is set against the same background as Reynolds’ novel HOUSE OF SUNS.
The idea of the ramscoop to power space ships is a relatively well known one, with the engine gathering interstellar dust and thrusting it out the other end as a propulsion system. In ‘The Star Surgeon’s Apprentice’ Peter, the narrator, is desperate to get off station and takes a berth on the ramscoop, Iron Lady as apprentice to the surgeon. He is the only true human, as most of the crew are mechanically enhanced or are lobots, criminals whose independent function has been removed. Unfortunately for Peter, he finds it is a case of out of the frying pan and into the fire as he has signed on to the most notorious pirate ship in the sector.
Where the plot of the story needs FTL travel between star systems, the methods rely on discovered alien technology. The aliens themselves have long disappeared but the technology still works. In ‘Minla’s Flowers’, relatively small ships can travel the Waynet which acts like a fast-moving current between places. When Merlin finds himself thrown out of the Waynet, he heads for a nearby planet to affect repairs. Minla is a small girl when he arrives but when he discovers that the planet has only seventy years before a branch of the Waynet bisects and destroys the sun, he offers just enough technology to enable Minla’s people to develop the means to escape.
‘Beyond The Aquila Rift’ also uses alien technology. This time it is a network of Apertures. These are important when something goes wrong, and The Blue Goose ends up somewhere it isn’t meant to be, and so far off the main network that there may be a problem getting back. ‘Fury’ uses another, unexplained, method designated skip-space. The details are unnecessary as the story is about the bodyguard of the Emperor of the Radiant Commonwealth. He travels long distances between stars in order to discover the person behind the assassination attempt on the Emperor and at the same time discovers his origins. Although ‘Zima Blue’ is set against the background of a different universe, it is also an origin story. This time it is the artist, Zima, who tells a reporter of his search for his origins as he embarks on his final piece of conceptual art.
Of the remaining seven stories, all are far future science fiction of the highest calibre and although some of them would need space travel to get the protagonists to the place where the story takes place, it is largely irrelevant to the plot. Although many authors use different means to travel long distances in space, it is unusual to have so many explored in one volume.
Those who know Reynolds’ work will be delighted with this volume, any who don’t will find this a good place to begin exploring.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Dec-2016 Published by Gollancz

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BLUE REMEMEMBERED EARTH by Alastair Reynolds

Alastair Reynolds has chosen to set his latest book – part one of Poseidon’s Children - on Earth in 2150. There has been climate change, but rather than a dystopian future in the aftermath of disaster, he shows us a world in which the consequences of calamity have been overcome and a new world order established. In this world China and India are leading the exploration of the Solar System, while Africa is also a dominant technological and economic power. (It is not entirely clear whether a union of the many disparate African states has been achieved.) From eastern Africa the Akinya family operates a vast business empire with interests all over the System and the death of its matriarchal leader, Eunice, who was almost single-handedly responsible for establishing its success, sets in motion a train of events which is to have incalculable consequences. She has left in place a series of clues which amount to nothing less than a Treasure Hunt, leading members of her extended family of descendants from one planet to another until they find in the Kuiper Belt the fruits of her advanced research.
She had deliberately withheld this while she remained alive, but perhaps now it is time for it to be made public.
In terms of advanced science and technology this is everything we have come to expect from Reynolds. It is also beautifully paced: it seems slow at first but the tension gradually increases as the various threads of the complex narrative come together in a dramatic conclusion. The characters are wholly believable, as are the descriptions of life in this advanced world. Most importantly, perhaps, the sheer quality of his writing shines through from every page, with not a word out of place or a sentence badly constructed.
The contract between Reynolds and publishers Gollancz for his next ten books has been widely publicised. On the evidence of this one he is worth every penny of what they are paying him and the future volumes in this series will be eagerly anticipated. This one works perfectly well on a stand-alone basis, but the series title provides a tantalising hint of what may be to come.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2012 Published by Gollancz

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CENTURY RAIN by Alastair Reynolds

This book has really stuck in my memory, which, considering the number of books I have been reading, is quite a feat! The plot in a nutshell, is that nanotechnology has ruined Earth. Verity Auger, an archaeologist, makes a disastrous field trip down to the planet from her space home, and to make amends, has to take part in a dangerous mission - trying out a backdoor worm hole into an unstable alien transit system (all is eventually explained fully!), thus ending up in Paris of the 1950’s. But is all as it seems - is this history as we know it or something weirdly different? There is a bit of everything in this book - love story, alternate history, hard SF terminology. It even reads like a kind of space opera at times, especially near the end, where there seem to be lots of spaceships rushing about, and chases, and characters being killed off then not killed off, and everything becomes political - to my mind the plot started to unravel a bit at this point and I had to start concentrating on what was going on!
The characters were very vividly drawn - the Paris-based central character is a bit of a jazz-playing, washed-up detective with no motivation in life, and Reynolds does a good job bringing him and the characters he gets mixed up with, such as Verity, nicely to life. I also liked the way the perspective switched between the two of them - rather than focussing too heavily on one side. Their eventual romance reads like something out of some old-fashioned love film - CASABLANCA maybe. A couple of characters however seemed to vanish rather disappointingly (whatever happened to his business partner, who disappears late on in the book?), but while this may or may not have been deliberate, it added nicely to the theme that the world as we know it may be fragile and unstable, and not what we are expecting.
In fact, Reynolds brings lots of ideas and themes into the book, which is why it is hard to fit it into a genre (though noir SF was mentioned somewhere, and that sounds quite apt), but his strong imagination is evident throughout. He does well to hold it all together and quite tightly too - apart from that bit towards the end there is no visible drifting off or digressions from the two main streams and the tension of the storyline, and my attention was held throughout. It is only my first of his books that I have read, so I cannot compare it to any of his others, but he has said it is a departure of sorts from his usual output (despite the usual themes of nanotechnology and frozen worlds, and the ‘all is not as it seems’ theme), so I will be interested to try some of his past (and future) work out. At 500+ pages it looks like a bit of a major undertaking, but don’t let the thickness of it put you off, it is a wonderful page-turner and an engrossing read. Vicky Stock

Reviewed by Dec-2005 Published by Gollancz

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At one time there was a vogue for time travel novels, especially those that introduced paradoxes. When they were done well, they were great fun.
There is also a sub-genre of science fiction which deals with alternate histories.
Alastair Reynolds appears to do both, and neither. Verity Auger is an archaeologist. She explores a future Paris that is covered in ice. The Earth that we know has suffered a major climatic disaster. The problems that we have created in our own century escalated and to try and put things right, self replicating nano-machines were seeded into the atmosphere. At first, this seemed to work but the technology got out of hand and only people who were off world at the time, survived. These had split into two factions, the Slashers who embrace enhancements and nano-technology, and the Threshers who distrust machines they cannot see. Earth is now a very hostile place with the nano-machines, known as furies, readily attacking any living tissue. When an expedition to Paris goes wrong, Verity faces a choice – facing a charge of murder by negligence or going on a top secret mission. She chooses the latter.
Threading through the universe is a network of alien technology, the hyperweb that offers fast transit between stars. It is, so far, largely unexplored and the places of exit of the transit tunnels is largely unknown. At the end of some of them, though, have been discovered some very large objects that form shell around spaces large enough to hold planet/moon systems. A route has been found into one of these ‘anomalous large structures’ (ALS). Verity is to go there to retrieve some papers. She is the best qualified person for the job as the world inside the ALS is Earth in 1959. The exit is under Paris. On this Earth, the Second World War petered out in 1940.
Wendell Floyd is a native of this alternate world. He is a jazz musician and a private detective. Neither profession is going well. He is asked to investigate the death of a young woman. She fell from her apartment window. The police have decided it is suicide but her landlord suspects murder. Before her death, Susan White entrusted her landlord with a tin of papers and said her sister Verity would come and collect them. Susan is an agent from outside and has stumbled on some kind of plot. She is the link that throws Floyd and Verity together. They uncover a sinister plot by the Slashers that is world threatening.
At the start of the historical section, the prose felt a bit flat, although it was readily apparent that this was not quite the Europe that formed part of our past. This is partly because down-on-their-luck private eyes are a very familiar character type. However, it quickly picked up, especially once the link with the ‘future’ characters was hinted at and the strange looking children began to turn up. The depiction of this slightly skewed, late 1950s Paris is well done. It always amazes me how authors are able to create such detailed technological futures and make them sound reasonable. Ultimately, Reynolds has achieved two difficult things; to write convincingly about the past and the future simultaneously and to meld them together into a novel well worth reading.
Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Dec-2005 Published by Gollancz

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CHASM CITY by Alastair Reynolds

Alastair Reynolds’ first novel REVELATION SPACE was an incredible five-star blockbuster and now he has followed it up with a kind of prequel involving a lead character and a setting which both appeared peripherally in the earlier book, although this story is completely unconnected with it.
It begins as the story of Tanner Mirabel, a former soldier now employed as a security specialist on the planet Sky’s Edge. Following the killing of his employer and the employer’s wife, he follows the person responsible to another planet called Yellowstone with the intention of exacting retribution, but finds that the principal settlement there, the titular Chasm City, has fallen victim to a plague. All the nano- machinery which should maintain the city and its inhabitants has been corrupted, rendering the place a gothic nightmare through which Mirabel must navigate himself to his goal, depending on his wits and such allies as he can find or buy. Meanwhile he is plagued by apocalyptic visions of the original colonisation effort which founded his native planet Sky’s Edge.
To be honest I felt that the construction of the book was somewhat too elaborately contrived. The contemporary action would continue at a relentless pace did it not keep being interrupted by two sets of flashbacks - the visions to which I have just referred and the recounting by Mirabel of the events which actually began the story but took place before the beginning of the book. Consequently the overall pacing of the novel suffers although the recounting of both stories in this way turns out to be essential to the eventual working-out of the plot and it is only as matters come to a head that one realises how everything dovetails together.
Along the way a consistently high level of invention and a meticulous attention to detail are maintained to keep the 6 reader interested and to help him forget that this is a very long book.
It is sometimes found that a new author puts his all into his first novel and it may take him some time to recover the level of performance with which he began. That is obviously not the case with Reynolds who possesses two gifts - the ability to plot a complex story and the power to describe scenes so clearly that the mind’s eye has no trouble in seeing his vision. Both are here exhibited in a fine second book which I have no hesitation in recommending.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2002 Published by Gollancz

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DIAMOND DOGS, TURQUOISE DAYS by Alastair Reynolds

This modest book comprises two novellas set in the complex universe which contains most, if not all, of Reynolds' previous work.
The first, “Diamond Dogs”, describes the attempted exploration of a mysterious artifact on an otherwise uninhabited planet. It takes the form of a series of rooms with mathematical puzzles of increasing difficulty to be solved before the door to the next will be opened, but getting one wrong or failing to solve it within a time limit, is penalised with a sudden burst of murderous violence. Eventually only three survive of the six who began and they return home changed and scarred.
The acknowledged inspiration of this situation is the 1960 Algis Budrys novel ROGUE MOON and there is also a debt to the 1998 film CUBE.
The second story, “Turquoise Days”, is set on one of the water worlds of the Pattern Jugglers, a mysterious life-form which fills the oceans of its worlds with a biomass which stores information and may or may not be sentient. Heroine Naqi is part of a research team trying to reach an understanding of the Juggler mass on Turqoise but her work is interrupted by the attempt of a rogue faction to destroy the Jugglers, an attempt which will probably result in the destruction of the human presence on the planet.
Both stories are superbly written and grippingly narrated and I really enjoyed reading them, but both sort of just stop without being brought to a tidy conclusion, leaving me with a slight sense of dissatisfaction. Just like life, really.
But I can forgive a lot in view of that amazing price - a nicely presented hardcover for paperback money!
Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2003 Published by Gollancz

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Firstly let’s make it clear that this is not a novel, but consists of two novellas, unconnected apart from the fact that both are set in the author’s ‘Revelation Space’ universe, and in each there is at least one character who has been in contact with, and thus been altered by, the Pattern Jugglers. Further, DIAMOND DOGS was published a couple of years ago by Peter Crowther’s PS Publishing (I should know, since I did the cover for it, showing the Spire on Golgotha!). However, if you haven’t already read that, but preferably have read CHASM CITY, REDEMPTION ARK, etc., this book is well worth buying. I always find it interesting to read stories set in a particular fictional ‘universe’, as you get a feeling of familiarity, and recognize certain references to events from other books.
The first story deals with a group of what can best be called mercenaries, who are employed to explore a mysterious tower which poses a series of problems, mainly mathematical, to people who try to ‘invade’ it. If they fail, they are subjected to horrific punishments which are likely to result in them being killed and cast out. The problems also become more difficult the higher they climb inside the tower - and the doorways become smaller, forcing them to remove their spacesuits. . . There are similarities between this and stories like ROGUE MOON by Algis Budrys (a favourite of mine), and also the movie CUBE, which the author acknowledges within this story.
TURQUOISE DAYS focuses on a woman, Naqi, and her sister Mina, both of whom have experiences with the Pattern Jugglers in the oceans of the planet Turquoise, as a result of which Mina dies, but her brain patterns are absorbed by the Jugglers. Naqi becomes involved in a project to enclose a section of ocean, cutting off a colony of Pattern Jugglers from the main body. Then an Ultra ship approaches Turquoise, asking permission to land. It does, and for a while all seems fine. It becomes clear that their intention is to study the Pattern Jugglers on Turquoise (having done so on other worlds), but not to interfere. But - well, read the book to find out!
Reviewed by Dave Hardy Dec-2003 Published by Gollancz

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DOCTOR WHO HARVEST OF TIME by Alastair Reynolds

It may be a surprise to find Alastair Reynolds writing about Doctor Who, but he is doing no more than join the ranks of many illustrious writers who have preceded him as well as many more who became (justly) famous later.
Following a Prologue set on a planet remote in both space and time, the story begins in contemporary England in the era of the third Doctor, featuring recognisable portrayals of The Doctor himself as played by Jon Pertwee, supported by Jo Grant and U.N.I.T., and The Master as played by Roger Delgado.
They are soon up against a planetary invasion by the irresistible Sild, a race apparently known to The Doctor although not one which has previously appeared in the known Doctor Who canon. It seems as though the Master, up to his usual nefarious tricks, may be in some way connected with this invasion, although perhaps not intentionally.
The first half of the book is pretty straightforward Who, dealing with events on a comparatively mundane level. Reynolds has perfectly nailed the required intellectual level; that is to say undemanding to read whilst at the same time including enough pseudo-scientific jargon to sound almost convincing. In the second half however he gives freer rein to his innate talent, producing a much more complex and imaginative story of time meddling and reality shifts. The Sild are defeated (of course) and the Master ends up done for (or is he?) while there is one final major twist which ties everything together including the prologue – although this was telegraphed in advance for those readers sufficiently observant.
Of the two names on the cover, it is for the individual reader to decide which is the more important. Neither side need feel disappointed. Reynolds fans will find that although it may not be his best it is nearly everything they have come to expect from him, while for Who fans it can hardly fail.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Sep-2013 Published by Gollancz

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GALACTIC NORTH by Alastair Reynolds

Here we have a collection of stories set in the universe of REVELATION SPACE. In an afterword the author offers a brief essay describing his interest in the writing of Future Histories, which are a not uncommon theme in SF, and this is his. The stories here, five previously published and three all-new, do not provide a full and continuous account of human history in the Revelation Space universe, but rather a series of snapshots, adding to and illuminating his previous works. In particular, there is some attention to the time when humankind is beginning to expand out from the Solar System. As such, the book would certainly provide a useful introduction to the series for a reader not yet familiar with it, as well as a supplement helpful to one who was.
Reynolds is a writer well and truly in the grand tradition of adventurous Space Opera, a worthy inheritor of the mantle previously worn by the likes of Heinlein, Clarke and others too numerous to mention. His imagination literally knows no bounds and his stories are replete with super-science, amazing technology and advanced cosmology.
And as if that were not enough, he is a highly accomplished practitioner of the craft of writing as well. It is hard to imagine how he could improve.
There is one thing I have noticed however. His previous books, especially in the Revelation Space series, have always had a significant touch of darkness about them, although that has usually been counterbalanced by the glowing excitement of the storytelling. At the shorter length of these stories the darkness holds sway much more strongly and sometimes develops further towards the frankly horrific. This is not necessarily a problem per se, but needs to be mentioned as part of conveying an overall impression of the work.
(Incidentally, the keen reader is promised another Revelation Space novel next year, and probably there are even more to come in the future.) So, then, a terrific book, which has the potential to appeal equally to a reader already familiar with the universe in which it is set as well as one new to the scene. Very highly recommended, especially in view of the modest price.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Nov-2006 Published by Gollancz

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HOUSE OF SUNS by Alastair Reynolds

This novel is a departure for Reynolds in that it explores more complex ideas and reaches greater depths than previously. It encompasses huge periods of time and vast distances in space, all without stepping outside the known parameters of physics all his spaceships travel at sub-light speeds.
At some point in our distant future, a pioneer, with the expertise for building starfaring ships, decided to explore the galaxy. In order to do so, but without the ability to travel faster than light, she decided to clone herself, each 'shatterling' taking one ship and meeting up in the future to exchange information. Thus the family lines were created. Campion and Purslane are members of the House of Flowers, the Gentian line. Campion and Purslane, contrary to family tenets, are lovers.
They are also late for the latest reunion, having gained one passenger (a member of the only intelligent race of machines) and losing another (an aquatic whose tank malfunctions). When they arrive, however, they discover that most of their fellow shatterlings have been massacred. Retreating to the planet of Neumne the fifty two survivors need to work out why someone wants to eradicate the Gentian line, The novel starts slowly, as the building blocks of the plot are put in to place, then accelerates. It is told as alternate first person narratives from the points of view of Campion and Purslane with interacts going back to the perspective of their progenitor, Abigail Gentian as a child.
This is perhaps Reynolds' best book to date. It deals with themes of love, friendship and loyalty, interspersed with ideas of revenge, self-sacrifice and subterfuge. When Purslane is abducted aboard her own ship. Campion is prepared to follow however far, and however long it takes to be reunited with his love.
An excellent piece of work.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Jul-2008 Published by Gollancz

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ON THE STEEL BREEZE by Alastair Reynolds

The trilogy is a strange creature and is constantly evolving. The original concept was to have three books all telling the same events but from radically different points of view. The framework was concise and enclosed.
Then readers and publishers wanted more of characters they had come to love. Authors, too, discovered more that they wanted to say. Sometimes it was to develop the characters in different directions, sometimes it was to produce more of the same. In some cases, the trilogy grew into a series some of which appeared to have no finite
ending and the characters remained ageless. Mostly, each book can be read in isolation, in any order. A variation is the trilogy that is one large novel which has to be split into separate tomes, not only because of the sheer volume of words but because the cost of
buying separate volumes is greater than what can be reasonably asked for one. The worst of these are fantasy and appear to end mid-sentence, leading to frustration and impatience as reader is denied the next instalment for a period of up to a year. Some writers, particularly SF writers are developing a new form of the trilogy. The potential for the range in time, distance and technology allows a more expansive view. The
volumes of the trilogy are set at different points on the projected time-line of a future history. Characters may or may not be continuous but there is a definite connection. Paul McAuley and Peter F. Hamilton have used this technique. So has Alastair Reynolds.
Reynolds’ earlier novel, BLUE REMEMBERED EARTH,
introduced the Akinya family. After the collapse of the ‘Western’ nations of the Northern Hemisphere, African entrepreneurs were able to take advantage of the gaps left behind. The Akinyas accumulated a huge fortune by investing in renewable technologies. In BLUE REMEMBERED EARTH younger members of the family embark on what is effectively a treasure hunt, following the clues left behind by their grandmother Eunice, in order to discover their inheritance. The novel introduced a remarkable
set of off-world societies. Elephants played a part in the psyche of the characters, as do the people who have chosen to adapt their bodies to an aquatic lifestyle. These are links between the Akinyas in the two novels.
In ON THE STEEL BREEZE technology has moved on. People, although not immortal, have increased their longevity greatly. Humanity has headed out for the stars, aiming to colonise a particular planet that would require generation ships to reach if life-spans were as short as they are now – Reynolds does not believe in the development of FTL drives or short-cuts through wormholes. Chiku Akinya has a choice. She can stay on
Earth and live a quiet, comfortable life, she can head out after Eunice Akinya’s ship with the prospect of finding a way to unlock the physics of space travel, or she can go with the colonists as part of the expeditionary ark to the planet of Crucible. The solution is for Chiku to be cloned, have her personality stripped down and rebuilt into the three new Chikus, and be in three places at once. Chiku Yellow, who stays on Earth, turned off
the link that exchanged knowledge with her counterparts. She would have remained in the situation of not knowing their fate indefinitely except that she is approached by one of the Aquatics who say they need her help.
Chiku Green, who went after Eunice’s ship, did return from her mission but is effectively dead. It is possible to retrieve her memories but only if Chiku Yellow is willing.
Once the process for sharing memories is unblocked, she is able to exchange memories with her other third. By this means we get an understanding of what is happening on the fleet ships heading for the Crucible. These are hollowed out asteroids and have been accelerating a long time. The problem is that they cannot slow them down. The original plan had been to work on the problem in flight but after an accident that destroyed one of the ships, the government banned further research into the problem.
Both Chikus have other issues to contend with. High level sentient AIs have been banned. Any found will be destroyed. This is to protect humanity from possible subjugation. They are good at hiding. The one that has survived will do anything to remain extant. The one in the solar system has sent a part of itself with the ark. Both parts not only are good at surviving but also keeping information from the humans they were originally designed to serve. Both Chikus have nasty surprises in store for them. They have one advantage, Eunice and her forward planning.
Reynolds has created a highly complex scenario which has the asset of being a very believable forecast of future human development with enough space from now to make it feasible. It also moves away from the Americanised future by considering a resurgence of Africa as a centre of civilisation. He is also a proponent of the school of science that keep their space exploration within the bounds of the Theory of Relativity. Travel beyond the Earth’s atmosphere takes time so other, more possible technological developments are envisaged to enhance the plausibility of what is an exciting thriller, the outcome of which is never certain. The book is beautifully written and the characters react naturally.
While it is not necessary to have read BLUE REMEMBERED EARTH, some of the subtleties here will be understood better if you have.
Enjoy.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Mar-2015 Published by Orion

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POSEIDON’S WAKE by Alastair Reynolds

When I first picked up POSEIDON’S WAKE from amongst those offered for review at the BRUM Group meeting I was informed that it was the third in a series. The first volume entitled BLUE REMEMBERED EARTH being published in 2012 and the second ON THE STEEL BREEZE in 2013. Fortunately I had already read the previous two volumes in this series. In fact as I progressed through this book I found that as the current tale unwound Alastair Reynolds provided all I needed to know about the back story. This would ensure that new readers to the series would not be disadvantaged. As with the previous two this book is complete in itself. While it would be pleasant for readers to have first read the earlier books, not having done so would not in my opinion detract from enjoying this book. That is the mark of a master craftsman.
These books mainly follow the fortunes of the strong women of the Akinya family from the matriarch Eunice, also known as Senge Dongma, the lion-faced one, via her granddaughter Sunny, her daughters and the next two generations. In all these books action takes place on Earth, Mars and, as the Akinyas travel to and live on them, extrasolar planets. Interlinked with their exploits are those of the elephants that they care for as well as the robots, whose evolution on Mars Eunice accidently initiated. To add spice and mystery there is the Mandala structure discovered on Crucible, the first planet to be colonised and also the enormous alien robot spacecraft that both observe the Mandala and make human space travel perilous.
In POSEIDON’S WAKE the story follows Kanu and Ndege Akinya, Eunice’s descendants as they separately and then jointly respond to an enigmatic radio message received on Crucible. This was to all intents and purposes sent by Eunice from a third star a 150 light years away. Extra depth to the tale is added by a strong cast of supporting characters. Without a doubt Alastair Reynolds is a master at writing SF. The science is good. The characterisation is excellent and the story flows with plenty but not too much action. Overall this is individually a story, and a series well worth reading.

Reviewed by Jim Pearce Jul-2015 Published by Gollancz

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PUSHING ICE by Alastair Reynolds

When one of Saturn’s moons inexplicably leaves its orbit and sets off to exit the solar system altogether the only spaceship anywhere near is the Rockhopper with its crew of comet miners. They are therefore ordered to give chase and eventually find themselves on a one-way trip to an unknown destination aboard an alien artefact. This journey will plunge them into a struggle for survival which will tax their ingenuity to the utmost: eventually they will be humanity’s first contact with alien races before finally being linked to the far future of the human race – a future which they may have been partly responsible for bringing about.
Yet again, Reynolds displays an extraordinary breadth of imagination and sheer inventiveness, together with an ability to portray well rounded and believable – if not always likeable – characters.
However, I must confess to slight reservations. Previous stories on the theme of ‘First Contact’ have generally involved aliens sufficiently like ourselves to enable some sort of understanding to be reached – even if that meant understanding the inevitability of conflict. It is now more generally realised not only that alien thought processes may be quite unlike ours but also that alien technology may be so advanced as to be beyond our understanding. Thus any writer endeavouring to portray contact with an alien culture has to tread a fine line between giving free rein to his imagination and needing to ensure that the products of his imagination remain comprehensible and not too unfamiliar to his characters, to say nothing of his readers. In this case, the description of the futuristic technology surrounding the inadvertent travellers and their struggle to make sense of it, thereby enabling themselves to survive the beginning of their journey, goes almost too far (although this is, of course, is just my opinion) and the middle section of the book describing that part of their experience slows the pace somewhat. Once contact has been made the story picks up again and becomes more interesting.
But still major issues remain unresolved. To begin with, there is no explanation of the transportation system which has brought them so far in space and time – it is just there, but its origin, purpose and modus operandi remain unknown. Also, it is made apparent that humanity is still going on, thousands of years in the future, but there is no suggestion as to the intervening history and the relationship – if any – between humans and aliens during this time. Finally, the book ends with a small party setting out on their own to explore the universe, but there is no indication what will happen to them.
Perhaps, as has been the case before with this writer, there will be a sequel – to recount what happened both to this group and to those left behind, to say nothing of how the human race got from here to there.
None of which is to say anything but that I heartily recommend this epic novel.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2006 Published by Gollancz

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REDEMPTION ARK by Alastair Reynolds

I have already written enthusiastically in these pages about Reynolds’ two previous books REVELATION SPACE and CHASM CITY. This new novel is a direct sequel to the former.
One of the themes of REVELATION SPACE was the destruction some nine hundred thousand years previously of an advanced technological civilisation by a mysterious force from outside. Now in REDEMPTION ARK the same force is emerging again, this time with the apparent object of destroying humanity. It transpires that this mysterious agency - which becomes known to us as the Inhibitors - has been around since the dawn of time, ruthlessly eliminating any emergent intelligence before it becomes able to start colonising the Galaxy.
Paradoxical though it may seem, the object of this programme is actually to ensure the indefinite continuation of intelligent life, three billion years into the future and beyond.
This is not made clear until close to the end of the book; meanwhile humans try to fight back and, once having discovered the threat, try either to protect themselves from, or escape altogether, the fate which the Inhibitors have in store for them. Unfortunately, rival human factions are already at war with each other and there is conflict about who is to do the protecting and who the escaping.
One of the major factions in this conflict is carried over from the previous book, while others are developed from earlier work published in INTERZONE and elsewhere. In particular, this involves the Conjoiners, a group who use neural implants to meld themselves together into a single group mind and some of whom are quite prepared to follow an agenda which excludes the rest of humanity. I feel that the author and his publisher owe us yet another book collecting and/or developing that previous work to flesh out the history of his universe.
Superbly written and full of invention, this is yet another great book by an important author. Interestingly, however, it ends with important issues unresolved - the Inhibitors have not been stopped and are still out there and, so possibly are the Conjoiners. There is room in Reynolds’ universe for lots more books and I hope they will all be as good as this one.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Jan-2003 Published by Gollancz

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This is space opera on a huge stage. It is set in the same universe as Reynolds’ earlier novels but knowledge of what happened previously is not important. Like most soaps, the important tilings are picked up on the way or they will be slotted neatly into the text without detriment to the overall effect. Like a good soap, it also has a huge cast and the seemingly separate strands are gradually woven together.
By this time, humanity has left the safety of the home solar system to colonise other worlds. There have been crises 011 the way, including a Melding Plague which attacked certain metals in machines making them inoperable. One of the important factions are the Conjoiners, who have implants that enable them to speak mind to mind. Skade is intensely loyal to the Mother Nest and will do anything to ensure its survival. Clavain is a conjoiner by choice, but was born before such a thing existed - cryogenics and time dilation mean he has lived a subjective 400 years. The conjoiners have recently discovered that there is a force at work in the galaxy that is intent on destroying any intelligent species that achieves star-faring capability. To defend themselves, they believe they need the cache of doomsday weapons rediscovered after 200 years in orbit around the planet Resurgam, 15 years travel away.
The people of Resurgam are also in deep trouble as the Inhibitors are about to start the extinction of the human race with them. It is a race against time for Skade and Clavain (who has now defected from the Conjoiners) as to who will get the weapons first, and for Volyova, who has the weapons, and Khouri to evacuate the planet.
The science here, although impossible at our present level of expertise, is plausibly described and beautifully extrapolated. The problems this novel has lie with the vast distances involved and the time it takes to traverse them. There is also a very large cast of characters to keep track of. And I suspect the story isn’t over yet. This would be a good book to take on a relaxing holiday.
Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Aug-2003 Published by Gollancz

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REVELATION SPACE by Alastair Reynolds

It begins with archaeologist Dr Dan Sylveste and his fascination with a long dead alien race the Amarantin. the one- time inhabitants of the planet Resurgam. He is about to discover something that could change the course of history but before he can act he is captured when a coup sweeps across the planet. Meanwhile a huge and heavily armed ship crewed by militaristic cyborgs is bearing down on Resurgam having spent a lifetime at sublight speed crossing space to enlist his late father's help. Sylveste, or, more accurately, the software programme he carries in his head containing his father's knowledge, is the only one who can save their metamorphosing Captain. On its arrival the ship takes on a replacement crew member that is actually placed to serve the interests of a third, unknown group. None of those involved can anticipate the cataclysm that will result when they meet, a cataclysm that will sweep through space and could determine the ultimate fate of humanity.
That summary can do no more than provide an introductory taster to this massive and immensely complicated book. It is not one to read casually: historical events and background concepts put in brief initial appearances only to recur later when their importance becomes clearer and the author also employs a technique of stating that significant explanatory discussions have taken place between characters but without actually telling the reader what was said. This all helps to keep one turning the pages - it is like an intricate puzzle or detective mystery with the ending in doubt until, well, the end. About a third o f the way through I had felt that everything seemed to be coming together but then it became apparent that the story was actually about something completely different from what I had thought.
After another third I believed I could see where it was going, but there was still a great deal left to be worked out and explained. When I did reach the end I found that it was not only beyond anything I could have imagined but was also a step further than anything any other writer in my experience has done.
Bursting with advanced sf ideas and mind-blowing concepts, this is the sort of book that only comes along at rare intervals. Author Reynolds is an astronomer currently working at the European Space Agency and he puts his scientific expertise to brilliant use, not to mention what I suspect is a wide experience of reading the best in science fiction. After a number of short stories this is his first published novel and there is already at least one sequel in the pipeline. Work some overtime, cut down on the drink, take out a loan, do whatever you have to do to get the dosh, but BUY THIS BOOK

Reviewed by Michael Jones May-2000 Published by Gollancz

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REVENGER by Alastair Reynolds

I am told that this is a Young Adult (YA) novel, but as so often before I can’t find any information to confirm this. However, the main characters are two young girls, only one of which is onstage for most of the book, and there is no sex or bad language (but plenty of violence!), so I suppose this is probably the case. (It is interesting that the author chooses to have a female lead, but I have noticed that Stephen Baxter has also done so in recent years, so possibly this is some sort of nod at political correctness? Whatever, in this case it works well.) The publisher’s blurb states that it is ‘perfect for fans of Firefly, Peter F. Hamilton and Star Wars’. I’m sure Peter can speak for himself, and I have never seen much of Firefly, but I really can’t see any similarity at all to Star Wars, apart from a charismatic but evil leader – in this case also female and known as Bosa Sennen. Universally feared, Bosa is effectively a pirate and seems to have no redeeming features, lurking in her stealth-protected, lightsail-powered ship, the Nightjammer while others raid ‘baubles’; tiny worlds with a ‘swallower’ (presumably a black hole) at their heart to provide gravity, for valuable alien artifacts, relics and technologies. She and her crew then swarm over the hapless ship, killing anyone who gets in their way, and make off with their plunder.
The two girls are Adrana and Arafura Ness, the latter, later known simply as Fura, being the younger and the main character. They lead boring, upper-class lives and crave adventure – which they find in spades when, hoping to save their family from bankruptcy, they run away from home with their robot ‘nurse’, Paladin, and join the crew of Captain Pol Rackamore’s ship, the Monetta’s Mourn. Communication in space, or ‘The Empty’ as it is known, is either by ‘squawk’, the equivalent of radio, or via ‘skulls’, again of alien origin and containing flickering lights, which are sometimes able to contact the skulls on other ships. It takes a special talent to ‘read the bones’, but both girls find that they have this, so are employed in this capacity by Captain Rackamore. Despite initial hostility, Fura befriends Prozor, who is the bauble-reader onboard, and she features strongly in later chapters.
The universe of REVENGER is a strange and unfamiliar one. There are fifty million worlds in the Congregation, but ‘a shifting, shimmering purple twilight was all that remained of the Old Sun’s energies’. Make of that what you will. Far, far in the future, our galaxy has passed through waves of alien conquest, or ‘Occupations’, in which empires have risen and fallen, but humanity still survives amongst the rubble and ruins of ancient civilisations. Amongst these are the baubles, and most humans live in the hope of striking a really valuable hoard which will make their fortunes, despite the considerable risks of raiding a bauble, which are surrounded by layers of protection and are only ‘open’ for a specific period of time before closing again, trapping anyone left inside.
Having successfully done this with one, the Monetta’s Mourn is boarded and raided by Bosa Sennen, who mercilessly kills the captain and many crew, and captures Adrana to become her own bone-reader. Fura hides away and escapes, promptly swearing eternal revenge upon Bosa. From this point on, everything in the book changes. From being a rollicking adventure it takes on a darker aspect, with Fura transformed from a sweet teenager to a hard- hearted avenging angel who will let nothing stop her self-appointed crusade. There are many surprises along the way, during which ambiguity creeps in; nothing is as clear-cut as it once seemed and even Bosa Sennen may not be who she originally appeared to be . . .
The author has to some extent developed a language that has evolved, along with everything else. This I felt was perhaps the least successful aspect of the novel. For instance, he uses ‘lungstuff’ for air and ‘squint-time’ for sleep. But given that apart from this the characters seem to use pretty standard English, I was not convinced that these small changes were necessary. Obviously to change the language too much could become tedious and confusing, and I suppose these do help to suggest a future environment, but I’m not sure about them. However, this is a minor criticism, and overall, YA or not, this is an exciting and often gripping read, and up to Reynold’s usual standard.

Reviewed by David A Hardy Dec-2016 Published by Gollancz

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SLOW BULLETS by Alastair Reynolds

This is a novella, not a novel, so quite a quick read. It opens near the end of a vast war which has affected hundreds of planets and solar systems. The main character is a conscripted soldier, Scurelya Timsuk Shunde, known (fortunately) as ‘Scur’. As an aside, I expect you have noticed, as I have, how many stories these days have a female lead; Stephen Baxter for one seems especially keen on this. I have nothing against this – we have had decades when macho males took the lead by default – though to my mind it does get a bit silly when people start talking about a female Dr Who or even James Bond!
Anyway, after a ceasefire Scur is captured by a four-man enemy sweep squad, headed by the sadistic Orvin. Orvin injects a ‘slow bullet’ into her thigh, from where it will make its slow way through her body (hence the title). The bullets contain a transponder, and can be made to explode, but they also contain and store masses of information, which can be transmitted when required. Every soldier already has one of these inside as a way of keeping tabs on them, but this one is designed to hurt like hell and to keep burrowing until it reaches Scur’s heart. “Why?” she asks. Orvin lets out a little laugh. ‘Why not?”
After they have left she cuts out the bullet, with a great deal of pain, and vows to get her revenge on Orvin. She passes out from the pain, and when she wakes she finds herself in some sort of capsule or ‘egg’. Her leg appears to have healed and she feels no pain. The capsule is one of many in a long corridor which curves up and out of sight in both directions. Later she finds that this ‘wakening’ has been experienced by many people. All the capsules contained someone who had taken part in the war, and it showed what side they had been on, Central or Peripheral, what their rank and service history had been, and the names of their home worlds. It appeared that they were all being sent to a world called Tottori, of which Scur had heard.
She begins to meet people who take fright upon meeting her, and a fight breaks out. When calm is restored it transpires that the people are crew on a military transport or ‘skipship’, the Caprice – a converted luxury starliner, now operated by the Peacekeeper authority. But it is also a prison ship, and the prisoners (“Dregs”) should not be coming awake as they are. Scur protests that she is a soldier, so should not be there. They can only agree that some sort of mistake has been made. . . Their leader is called Prad, and he and Scur eventually form a kind of friendship, or at least an alliance.
Through a window a planet can be seen, but it cannot be Tottori. In fact, all attempts to identify it, and the surrounding area of space, fail. While Prad is showing her scenes from the ship on his ‘slate’, Scur thinks she sees a glimpse of Orvin, and again vows to find him. In order to restore some order between waking prisoners and crew, Scur and Prad sound an alarm signal, claiming that the ship is about to blow up and unless they stop fighting Scur won’t allow Prad to make the core safe. Eventually this works, and the people in the ‘rings’ sort out their differences. But there is still the greater problem of finding where they are in space, and what world is below them. When they finally do so it is part of a greater surprise! Meanwhile Scur has definitely identified Orvin among the passengers, but he is successfully hiding himself. What happens in the rest of this book is exciting and often surprising. Slow bullets play a great part in this, but in unexpected ways. To a large extent this is a story of survival, and of the human will to stay alive, no matter what the odds against them.

Reviewed by David A Hardy Jun-2017 Published by Gollancz

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TERMINAL WORLD by Alastair Reynolds

Alastair Reynolds has become famous for his far-ranging space operas, but here he eschews this broad approach to set his latest novel on Earth. Some tens of millennia in the future it would seem to have suffered one or more quite major catastrophes, one result being to make it much colder than before.
The story opens in (or rather, on) Spearpoint, a vast and mysterious structure reaching right through the atmosphere and into space. Various communities cling to different levels on the outside of this structure, apparently existing in zones where the basic fabric of reality changes from place to place, altering the way in which both machines and living nervous systems are able to function - or not, as the case may be. Quillon (he has no other name) is forced to flee from Spearpoint where he has been living under an assumed identity and becomes an exile in the world at large where he and his escort encounter skullboys, carnivorgs and tectomancers before falling in with The Swarm, a military community living on a fleet of airships. They find that zones of reality are changing everywhere, placing the Earth and its entire population in danger.
Eventually Swarm, taking Quillon with them, find their way to Spearpoint and he is able to set in motion a process which, hopefully, will undo whatever previous disaster has left the Earth the way it is and lead to the return of normalcy.
Integral to this is the nature of Spearpoint itself, and the conclusion the astute reader has reached about it, based on several clear hints, proves to be only partially correct. This is just one of several issues, some major and some relatively minor, which remain unresolved. Instead of dealing with these questions head-on the story has become complicated by incidental details which are introduced from time to time with little or no explanation, as if in the hope of keeping the story interesting.
As a consequence, the book comes to an end after having seemed to have gone on far too long, without coming to a proper conclusion. Even the future of Quillon, whose destiny the story is founded upon, remains in doubt. It is a tendency I have noted in this author sometimes - although, I hasten to add, by no means always - to leave things unfinished in this fashion. Perhaps he was planning a sequel, or perhaps merely leaving the opportunity for one. Either way, the result is rather unsatisfactory. It is good, certainly, but it could have been better.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Mar-2010 Published by Gollancz

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THE PREFECT by Alastair Reynolds

For those who have read other books set in Reynolds' far future universe, this fast-paced space opera will be a must. Newcomers to his work may experience periods of bewilderment.
Around the inhospitable planet of Yellowstone mankind has build ten thousand habitats. Each habitat is different. Some citizens have opted to live in a Permanent Vegetative State in their habitat. Others have chosen a tyranny, a democracy or a theocracy. If enough people want a particular life-style, they can have it. All however have the right to vote. Overseeing it all and policing the habitats of the Glitter Band is Panoply and its prefects Tom Dreyfus is a field prefect. We meet him first when his team is enforcing a lock-down in one of the habitats for polling fraud. They are being removed from the Bandwide communication network. The loop-hole the case has thrown up can be plugged and Thalia Ng volunteers to install the new software in four habitats.
As she sets off, another crisis arises when a habitat is destroyed by the engines of an Ultra ship. Then Thalia's upgrade triggers a take-over by Aurora, an alpha-level simulation. The whole of the Glitter band is now under threat, its citizens facing death. Dreyfus's investigations bring him close to Aurora but at a critical time he is arrested on suspicion of murder.
The threads of the plot lead back to a number of past incidents the consequences of which come together at this junction in time to exacerbate the crisis. To complicate matters, Dreyfus has to face the results of his own past actions, and there is a traitor within Panoply determined to thwart him.
This is a good addition to tales set in Reynolds's created future.
Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Sep-2007 Published by Gollancz

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Adam Richards

THE SNOW by Adam Richards

Tira is an Indian woman, leading a normal life, until one day there is a blizzard which goes on and on and on until the snow is three miles thick and covers the whole world. The story is told by two people who gradually open up a world of lies and intrigue and terrorism, as well as describing the new postapocalyptic world of beauty and mystery. It is immediately apparent that the two main protagonists survive the snow onslaught – the emphasis is more on the web of intrigue – who or what caused the snow, as it is too much to be natural, and what are the governments now trying to hide?
I was fascinated by the idea that the world is ‘ended’ by snow and thus found the parts of the book which dwelled on this, gripping to read. The other parts of the story are rather political in nature, dealing as they do with terrorism, people’s beliefs and running for government positions. The story jumps about all over the place: first Tira tells her part of the story, then one of the other main characters, with whom Tira is familiar, takes over, all in the format of a confidential document recorded after the event. It is immediately obvious that the two are in some sort of detention, even though this is only revealed later, and confessing their stories, but the whys and wherefores do not become apparent till later on.
Slightly different to what I have been reading, with no coherent storyline structure as such. I found it an interesting read if a little slow-paced once the main apocalyptic events have happened. The parts where she is learning to live in a military base are a little slow, but the action comes back in patches a little later.
The deliberate confusion, for instance the blanks left in the text to hide names, etc., can be annoying as the novel moves along, but it certainly makes for interesting reading. There are a few themes throughout the book – whiteness, terrorism, racism which distract from the snow. All discussions about cause of snow seem vague and never explained properly, which annoyed me as I was more interested by the ‘natural’ than political events.
Tira has involvement as the wife of a prominent government minister and lover of a rebel seeking to topple the government, this is why her story is often questioned; can we trust her, or can we trust her lover who is unpredictable? The Americans and some other characters are a bit clichéd, but is this just her perception of them? I personally wasn’t that interested in any of the characters and more interested in the ‘snow’ so I was frustrated that this never got explained, or the unlikely bits such as how did the American helicopters, etc., survive the disaster when so much else didn’t?
The book in general is a claustrophobic read but with excellent descriptions of the world preserved beneath the blue and white expanses. I did enjoy some of it while other parts left me frustrated.

Reviewed by Vicky Cook Apr-2007 Published by Gollancz

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Adam Roberts

ADAM ROBOTS by Adam Roberts

The difficulty with reviewing short story collections is usually that you aren't reviewing one story. Occasionally there will be a theme that you can latch onto that helps categorise what you have just read so that you can cover more than one story at a time or, even more rarely there will be a sequence to the stories and plot lines and characters will carry from on to the next. The least you can hope for is that many of them will be from the same sub-genre or written in the same style. None of that is true here. You would be hard pressed to find a more diverse collection from one writer than this. Not content with changing sub-genre from one story to the next, Roberts changes style and theme frequently if not with every story. For example, the title story (there is one, it's not just a play on the author's name) is a robot story. Except they're not really robots. And it's a variation on the "Garden of Eden" tale. Only it's turned on its head. I know that doesn't give much away but it's only 11 pages and there's not a whole lot you can say without giving away too much.
Here you have two dozen stories ranging from one page to fifty in length covering a different sub-genre of science fiction every time - possibly more than one per story and with a few odd variations that you might not expect. All but the odd one are at least well done. Here you have the story of a space-going dynasty told in verse, a couple of time (travel?) stories - one about communicating with the past, another explaining how you can camouflage a disaster and the truth about nuclear weapons - one step further than steampunk or an artificial intelligence that is really a … No, that gives away a little too much … how Macbeth could have gone if they hadn't cheated on the prophecies, why Copernicus was wrong, Neanderthals in space... and many others. There is the obvious failure - an attempt to make something of a nursery rhyme although there is something of the Philip K Dick on drugs about it and an oddity at the end that I still don't get the point of. Only two of the stories are new in this collection but all the others have appeared in collections (often from small presses) rather than magazines.
It's hard to make an overall judgement on the collection but, apart from a mis-step or two, this is all good stuff with new and interesting ideas.

Reviewed by William McCabe May-2015 Published by Gollancz

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BÊTE by Adam Roberts

Adam Roberts is unusual among SF writers in that he doesn’t seem to indulge in trilogies, series or even consistent sub-genre. He’s been through the likes of space opera, steampunk, dystopia, and many other styles but never really settled on one. Whatever he tries, he’s usually pretty good at it and this is no exception. It’s not perfect but what is? It’s fun, it’s interesting, it has new ideas and reworks old ones.
This is the story of Graham Penhaligon in a near-future changing world. The changes have begun before the story starts. At the beginning Graham is delayed, briefly, in the slaughtering of one of his cows – he is a dairy farmer and trade isn’t good- when the cow complains. This isn’t any great surprise to Graham. He’s been used to talking farm animals for a while. An animal rights organisation has been implanting animals with a computer chip that either gives the animals the ability to speak for themselves or just provides a pre-programmed A.I. with an animal voice box. Which of these you believe tends to depend on which side of the animal rights debate you’re on. With the slaughter of this cow, Graham becomes famous as the last person to slaughter a talking animal. When the court cases are done he becomes either a hero of the people or a war criminal. Again, depending on your point of view. The country passes a new law to recognise the rights of talking animals and the changes really begin. Someone creates a form of tank- grown meat that makes meat production by any other means virtually redundant. Supposedly intelligent animals take over the countryside and human life moves into walled cities. Graham goes from struggling farmer to semi-legal travelling butcher to tramp in a few years. Just when he has got as low as he possibly could he starts getting messages from an animal leader called “The Lamb” who has a proposition for him.
The ethical issues covered and the science that goes along with it are pretty well done and make for a very interesting story. The great failing comes in Roberts’ idea of humour. This seems to rely on the idea that dropping references to recent films etc. into the text is funny. I suppose there are a lot of people that like that sort of thing but, somehow, it never really worked for me. I suppose you can’t have everything.

Reviewed by William McCabe Apr-2015 Published by Gollancz

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GRADISIL by Adam Roberts

This is certainly an unusual and original book. According to two other writers (Baxter and Grimwood) on the cover, it is ‘very high concept’, whatever that means. It starts in 2043, but the author makes it clear in the first few pages that this is not quite the universe as we know it. For instance, he states that after moving to America Wernher von Braun changed his name to von Brown (but not to Vernon? Sorry!), which to the best of my knowledge he never did. And apparently it is not necessary to use brute-force rockets to reach space, because you can simply fly up, changing from normal propulsion and wings as the atmosphere thins to using the Earth’s magnetic field and magnetosphere, thanks to ‘Elemag’ coils wrapped around the wings and belly of a plane.
The story moves from 2043 to 2131, and is told from the perspective of various people, most of whom are related in some way to the original writer, Klara Gyoffery. Her father, who built the first Elemag vehicles, likens this form of propulsion to climbing the branches of the great mythical tree Yggdrasil, which reaches between Earth and Heaven. But he mispronounces it as ‘Yggradisil, and it is from this that the title comes: Gradisil is the name given to Klara’s daughter, to whom, later, much of this book is devoted. Many people move into orbit using this method, until they form a sort of community, living in ‘houses’ which are usually little more than two or more cylindrical tanks attached to each other, but rarely visible to each other, such is the vastness of this ‘territory’. However, many of these people are extremely wealthy, even multimillionaires, and naturally they do not pay taxes to any nation down below – the cause of much friction and bad feeling.
Klara’s father is murdered in orbit by an amoral woman called Kristin Janzen Kooistra, who also steals his house, and the earthbound police are not interested since it is beyond their jurisdiction. From then on, Klara’s story in Part One is mainly about her attempts to extract revenge for this.
In Part Two the story is split between several people: Gradisil herself, who becomes the charismatic leader of the anarchic Uplands; her rather ineffectual husband Paul Caunes; their two sons (though actually not his) Hope and Sol (for Solidarity), and an Army Lieutenant called Slater, who is based on a US orbital station called Fort Glenn. Here, Roberts introduces a mutated form of English in his text, though for me not a very logical one. It consists mainly of removing ‘ck’ in words like ‘suck’, making it ‘suk’, and ‘wh’ in ‘what’, becoming ‘wat’. But it often doesn’t work: how would you pronounce ‘baking up’? He goes a stage further in Part Three, in which words ending in ‘ing’, as in ‘beginning’, end with a new character: an ‘n’ with an inward-curving leg. There are a few other changes, too, but not sufficient for the way language changes in reality, and I found this quirk rather irritating. This section is concerned with sons Hope and Sol, now adult but very different, and what happens when they meet their father, Paul, whom they accuse of being responsible for their mother’s death after a ‘war’ between America and the Uplands, in which Gradisil had played a vital and pivotal part.
All in all, it is worth sticking with this book’s eccentricities, and I was almost surprised to find that by the end I had enjoyed it.

Reviewed by Dave Hardy Mar-2007 Published by Gollancz

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Adam Roberts is a Professor of English at the University of London and in the past six years has had several quite well- received SF novels published as well as a number of satirical parodies. In GRADISIL he has reverted to hard SF – space fiction though hardly Space Opera.
His concept for this book is of a technology to ride into space on the lines of force of the Earth’s magnetic field which spread from the poles like the branches of a great tree – the Yggdrasil of Norse myth – which is the source of the names of both the book and one of its main characters. With this cheap and easy technology almost anybody can cobble up a space plane and drag some kind of container into space to form the basis of an orbiting house and soon ‘The Uplands’ has become the home of a collection of eccentrics, mavericks, misfits and outright criminals living entirely independently of the various nations down on the ground.
Of course, ground-based governments in general, the Americans in particular and especially the American military, hate all this, and the book mainly tells, through the eyes of four generations of Gradisil’s family, the story of how the Americans try to conquer the Uplands and how the Uplanders, led by Gradisil, resist and establish their freedom and independence. Over a period of nearly a century their personal stories are of sacrifice and revenge, much of it misdirected.
To a degree this is reminiscent of some of the best SF of the past, brought up to date and dealing with people and their emotions as much as with the hardware, if not more so. Unfortunately, Roberts has allowed his characters, mostly writing in the first person, altogether too much indulgence to describe their thoughts and feelings and much of this goes on far too long, particularly towards the end of the book. It had started reasonably and some of the technological and medical implications of this kind of space-dwelling had been well thought-out, but eventually I found myself losing interest and just wishing it would come to a conclusion.
In short then, interesting, perhaps even slightly memorable, but not a book I would want to return to again and again.
Reviewed by Michael Jones May-2006 Published by Gollancz

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POLYSTOM by Adam Roberts

This is a pretty remarkable book. A lot more remarkable than it first appears, in fact. Indeed, I didn’t realize this until some 50 pages before the end!
The individual elements are not really new or original but the whole is greater then the sum of the parts, or something. . . We have here a solar system in which the planets are mere thousands of miles apart, and in which space is full of air - very rarified as you ascend from a planet’s surface, but still breathable. Space is therefore not black, but pale violet, and it is possible for propeller-driven aircraft to fly from one to another within hours or days. There are also creatures, called Skywhals, which float around in this interplanetary medium. By now you may well be thinking, as I did: “Bob Shaw’s Wooden Spaceships!” And there is that similarity, though this is as far as it goes. It is, however, clear that here we have a universe in which the laws of physics are different from those we are used to. But the people appear to be entirely human in appearance and behaviour, as do the surfaces of their six planets and three moons, apart from the fact that the closest to the sun is very hot and the furthest (obviously) cold.
We follow the adventures of what must surely be the most gormless ‘hero’ I have come across. Polystom is an aristocrat who would probably win Monty Python’s ‘Upper Class Twit of the Year’ hands-down. He is the Fiftieth Steward of Enting (his planet), and we first encounter him flying his own ‘plane to Enting’s moon, 4,200 miles away, where his uncle Cleonicles lives. Cleonicles is a brilliant, but now old professor, who designed the Computational Device, a valveand- crystal machine th at could undertake huge mathematical calculations at incredible speed. We later learn that it is now mainly used to control the War which has been fought for years on the Mudworld - closest planet to the sun, officially called Aelop. But Cleonicles also holds very unorthodox views on the nature of the universe, asserting that at some distance there must be vacuum, and th at the stars are in fact distant globes of fire, burning in nothingness. He tries to explain this to Polystom, but his nephew constantly attempts to look at the world in poetic ways, and simply cannot grasp science. In fact, he grasps very little, passing his life in a haze of social events, waited on by servants.
Polystom falls in love with a girl called Beeswing and marries her, but she is strange, distant and uncommunicative, and the marriage fails. Beeswing runs away and eventually dies. Polystom’s uncle is also killed, apparently by vagrants from offworld who arrived by hitching a ride on a skywhal. He decides, as a ‘grand gesture’, to volunteer fifty of his servants to go to Mudworld to fight in the War, with himself as their Captain. He is allocated two lieutenants, Sophanes and Stetrus, usually known as ‘Sof and ‘Stet’, who make little attempt to hide their contempt for his effete ways. It is here that we discover that the Computational Device is hidden inside, or may even be part of, a mountain on this world, and that the War is mainly about protecting this from insurrectionists. Polystom and his men see ‘ghosts’, who seem very real, and these include his dead wife, Beeswing, who now seems much more communicative, and his uncle Cleonicles. To tell you more would give away too much, but this is a book which rewards the effort of reading to the end.

Reviewed by Dave Hardy Aug-2003 Published by Gollancz

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SALT by Adam Roberts

Adam Roberts is a new writer (certainly to me), but sadly there are no details about him in this book. (Perhaps we could get him to come and talk to the Brum Group, then we'd know more?) Peter Hamilton has written: "Adam Roberts has got what it takes" and "A fascinating concept, deftly executed", while someone (at Gollancz?) has said "SALT is a novel of remarkable power, intense beauty and profound insight. In its evocation of an alien world it compares to nothing less than DUNE." Now that is going a bit far. . . But what did I think of it? You ask.
By pure coincidence I had just re-read Eric Frank Russell’s THE GREAT EXPLOSION, after nearly 40 years. Remember 'myob'? I saw definite parallels as I read SALT. Parties of star-travellers, cast adrift from Earth, and each going their separate ways and evolving their own individual civilisations, laws (or lack of them), sexual mores, ways of interacting with strangers (or not).
The main difference is that while in the Russell book they are on different planets, in SALT they are on the same planet. A world of desert, with very little water, and what there is, very saline. Hence the title, of course. On the first page I read: "Sodium is what stars are made of." Really? And I always thought they were composed chiefly of hydrogen and helium in various proportions. It goes on "Sodium is the .metal, curved into rococo forms, that caps the headpiece and arms of God's own throne." (How does the author know that?) I hope it never rains in heaven, as sodium bums when wet -- as the author himself points out.
The book starts with many pages of pure narrative, no dialogue, which is unusual and not normally recommended. However, it sets the scene, and we realise that throughout, the story is told by the two leaders, Petja and Barlei, of their respective cities — Als and Senaar. There are other cities, but they seem to be under the influence of one or the other of those two, which hold diametrically opposed views on most things. It is difficult to see, in the relatively short time these people have been away from Earth, how they could grow so far apart that often they don't even understand each other. To me, this book is mainly about religion, and the way in which widely disparate cultures may yet still each righteously claim God as being on their side, even when fighting wars and breaking Commandments by killing each other. . . One may see parallels with the situation in Ireland, or Israel, or - you name it. I didn't find it all that profound, but to be fair, it isn't a bad book for a first novel, it is well-written, and reasonably original, at least in parts, and I suspect that the author feels strongly about his subject-matter. It will be interesting to see what he does next.
So, worth a try.

Reviewed by David A Hardy Oct-2000 Published by Gollancz

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Salt is a planet with very little water, its surface covered with endless deposits of sodium chloride, its atmosphere contaminated with free chlorine and with no magnetosphere to shield its surface from radiation. To this inhospitable world come disparate groups of emigrants from Earth, including the Senaarians, a rigid hierarchical society with a strong religious element and the Alsists who live without rules, laws or compulsions, with everybody free to do, or not do, whatever they wish. Mutual misunderstandings lead, perhaps inevitably to war, instigated by the former and lost by the latter. However, the victory of the Senaarians contains the seeds of their own destruction.
The story is told from the alternating points of view of a leading member of each society. The chief of the Senaarians reveals himself as a despotic bigot, whose belief in his own god-given righteousness justifies him in any destruction or slaughter, while the Alsist is a reasonably decent sort of individual who nevertheless finds himself both willing and able to assume the mantle of leadership despite thereby becoming everything that his fellow citizens hate and despise. By the end of the war he has come to an uncertain apotheosis as the principles he was trying to protect are lost amid the general chaos of defeat. Thus, ultimately, the book is seen as a commentary on the shortcomings of human nature.
Although extremely well written, almost poetic in parts, I found it somewhat tedious. Even the action sequences fail to bring it alive, the few most interesting parts for me being the face to face encounters between the characters, each striving, and failing, to understand the other’s motivation. I also felt that there was room for a better account of the two societies, particularly the Alsists where people work because they want to but the questions of how they know what needs doing and what would happen to anyone who was unable or merely disinclined to work remain unexplained.
In summary, there are some interesting and novel ideas here, but their execution leaves something to be desired. This is a first novel and author Roberts shows obvious promise.
Reviewed by Michael Jones Sep-2001 Published by Gollancz

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THE MATRIX DERIDED /STAR WARPED by Adam Roberts

(Note – with pages smaller than usual these books are much shorter than the page counts would suggest.) I have put these two together because they are the same kind of thing. The contrived authorship conceals the identity of Adam Roberts, literary expert and writer of scholarly books as well as several well-received SF novels. These however are something else – parodies of well-known film series (obviously).
Both start reasonably well and straightforwardly, picking up on the basic storyline of THE MATRIX and STAR WARS respectively but introducing various satirical jokes and puns, especially with names, varying from amusing to excruciating. For example, who could fail to either laugh or groan when reading of the pilot Hand Someman and his sidekick Masticatetobacco. (Well, I could actually.) As the narratives progress however, they deviate farther and farther from the original as the author is unable to resist introducing his own take on the story.
In the case of THE MATRIX this is not so bad and the eventual conclusion might be regarded by some as an improvement – certainly a simplification. With STAR WARS, on the other hand, he appears to lose the plot completely (in both senses) introducing an unjustified series of cultural and SF references – some much more obscure than others – and going off at a completely new tangent.
This is not helped by his choice to present the segments of the saga in the order in which the films appeared, rather than in the order of internal chronology, which I would have thought the obvious thing to do. As a result, it becomes painfully obvious that it has ended in the middle (twice).
Also, one gains the impression that he ran out of steam, cramming the last three segments together into fewer pages than any one of the first three. This is true of THE MATRIX also, where the first film gets two-thirds of the book.
To my mind, the whole approach here is wrong. The most successful parodies present a completely new and original story ‘in the style of’ and work best at quite a short length, as evinced by, for example John Sladek and Dave Langford to name but two. Trying to follow the original storyline while at the same time reconstructing it so as to provide an enhanced basis for mockery does not work but merely leaves the reader trying to relate what is written here to what he already knows and the result is both disappointingly tedious and tediously disappointing.
If you feel you must read these, go ahead, but I would not particularly recommend that you do.

Reviewed by Michael Jones Aug-2005 Published by Gollancz

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Katherine Roberts

I AM THE GREAT HORSE by Katherine Roberts

I have followed Katherine Roberts with interest for some years now. I was introduced to her books when I booked her for an event at Bath library a few years ago and was interested because she wrote about the Seven Ancient Wonders of the world at the time, one book for each. I read the first one and was struck by how much I enjoyed it as an adult, although they are apparently aimed at young people. Having finished the series, she now turns to weightier tomes, such as this one, I Am The Great Horse. It is a far longer and more literary affair, focusing on the life of Alexander The Great’s life through the eyes of his equine companion Bucephalus.
We see Alexander’s life and achievements from the perspective of this fierce but loyal and courageous horse, as they take over much of the known world from Greece through the Persian sands to the edges of India. At their side is Charm, a stable girl fiercely devoted to Bucephalus and his rider, with secrets of her own.
Now I really did like this book. The horse’s viewpoint was an interesting one and it was not very clichéd like you might expect a book written like this to be. As a stallion he tends to think everything is done in order to dominate the others, which explains nicely why Alexander does some of the more outlandish deeds such as certain executions etc. The glory and the excitement of battle and victory are there but also you get a sense of how much power can destroy the victor, and this seems to be a strong message of this book. Katherine Roberts has spent many years as a groom and this showed in her sensitive handling of the equine material and Charm’s lifestyle. The fear Charm shows when Bucephalus is sent into battle is very realistic – racing grooms feel much the same when their charges are sent to race.
The book should appeal to various people as it covers several genres, so it is hard to classify it. The supernatural element to put it in the ‘Fantasy’ camp involve ‘ghosts’ seen by the horse which make him particularly hard to control, and these seem to get stronger and more obvious the more the book progresses, as his sanity and that of Alexander disintegrate. I liked it particularly from the historical perspective, as from what I have read of Alexander myself, I appreciated how much work has gone into producing this book. It was unique to read about a character from ages past in a more lively context than the usual snippets from a rather uninspiring history book. Go ahead and try this book out, it’s well worth reading.

Reviewed by Vicky Cook Nov-2007 Published by Chicken House Ltd

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Kim Stanley Robinson

50 DEGREES BELOW by Kim Stanley Robinson

I have been reading a couple of apocalyptic books recently and quite enjoyed this one! It is a long novel about the stopping of the Gulf stream and general climate chaos that results, but never felt like the issues were being shoved down my throat. Climate change happens, whether through man or nature, and this is about the consequences and how mankind deals with it. Our main hero works for one of the many acronymic associations trying to work to fix climate chaos, and thus we get a good insight into government workings in relation to the environment and the usual cover-ups and intrigues there. Meanwhile his organisation want to act but of course diplomacy and discussions get in the way, until finally some impressive action can be taken. Meanwhile our hero moves out of his flat and experiences nature and the locals first hand, and we get a marvellous insight into Washington DC.
I didn’t realise it was part of a trilogy until I read more about it, which impressed me as all too often sequels and trilogy second parts expect you to know the first part. Though now it makes a bit more sense that certain characters (Charlie and Anna) didn’t seem that well drawn, and also a couple of events seemed to have happened ‘before’ the book. Scarily enough I read a lot more in the news after finishing this book which was quite reminiscent of the ‘fiction’ I had just read! Great bits about the animals from the zoo going feral and the Tibetan bits were good too – apparently the author has a fascination with Tibet.
Bad ending however – very sudden, but again this can be a ploy to make you read the third part, which I find very annoying.
It is a long book and maybe a little editing was required to bring the book down to more manageable levels, but I got through this huge tome fairly quickly and was generally impressed, especially by the fact that for the most part the book stood alone from the trilogy. I would read more by this author.

Reviewed by Vicky Cook Mar-2007 Published by Bantam

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FIFTY DEGREES BELOW by Kim Stanley Robinson

FORTY SIGNS OF RAIN was the start of a trilogy revolving around the implications of global warning. Robinson is researching at the cutting edge of knowledge and making uncanny predictions. For those of us that believe in global warming, we know that one of the symptoms is unusual weather patterns. Some of these generate storms. Storms can cause flooding. In FORTY SIGNS OF RAIN unusually severe storms hit the Eastern seaboard of America. Washington is flooded. Robinson may have got the city wrong, but the chaos that he describes for Washington was mirrored this summer by scenes in New Orleans.
FIFTY DEGREES BELOW takes the situation a stage further. Due to the melting of the Arctic ice, the Gulf Stream has stalled. This is a vital part of our weather system. It carries warm water from the tropics northwards across the Atlantic, providing Britain with its temperate climate. Normally, when warm water meets cold Arctic water, the heavier warm water sinks, carrying the colder water with it and then moves south, forming a vast convection current. The melt water is less dense and floats on salt water. The increasing amount of it being produced forms a fresh water cap on the ocean preventing the warm current carrying it downwards. The convection current is stopped. Without the warm water moving north, the criteria for abrupt climate changes are met. Signs of abrupt climate changes have been found in geological records so it is not an impossible theory. It could take as little as three years. What this will mean is very cold winters in the Northern Hemisphere.
In the real world, the Gulf Stream is slowing down, and this winter has been predicted to be much colder than those we have seen in the last decade. In this novel, it happens. Washington is still the focus of disaster, though the rising sea levels are not forgotten. One project organised by the National Science Foundation is to try and restart the Gulf Stream by dumping an awful lot of salt into the sea at the point where it should be sinking.
The human characters are small, set against the power of the weather.
Back in Washington, Frank Vanderval, an NSF worker, is homeless. The people he had been renting from have returned to reclaim their apartment. To begin with, he is not worried. He constructs a tree house in Rock Creek Park. In the beginning, this lifestyle is fun. Then winter sets in and the snows come. Frank is still content until the night the temperature drops to fifty degrees (Fahrenheit) below freezing and people start dying. Washington, though hard hit, does not suffer as badly as some places in Europe.
At the end of the book, you are left with the unsettling feeling that the conditions described are just around the corner; that if we do not act now, Robinson’s predictions will become inevitable. If you have any doubts about the truth of global warming, read these books and ask yourself the question, do you want to run the risk of this future? Then, go and lobby your government. It may not be too late.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Jan-2006 Published by HarperCollins

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FORTY SIGNS OF RAIN by Kim Stanley Robinson

One of the original reasons why people wrote SF was to provide a vehicle for dire warnings. Then, with fewer books to choose from, they reached more people. The problem today is that the warnings can get buried in the morass of words of the shelves of the bookshops. In FORTY SIGNS OF RAIN, Robinson chooses the theme of global warming. The setting is America today.. The principal characters are scientists. Anna Quibler works for the National Science Foundation which hands out grants to promising research projects, Frank Vanderwal is one of her programme officers. Her husband, Charlie, works from home and looks after the children. He drafts environmental policy for a senator.
There is concern about rising sea levels, but it is deliberately being ignored – there are not enough votes in it. Even when freak storms threaten Washington, it seems that the evidence is still going to be swept under the carpet.
Labelled, science fiction, it seems all too possible that this is the real situation. Robinson is not so much providing a cynical view of the situation but exposing the ostrich-like qualities of power. There is a lot of scientific jargon in the book which may put off a lot of readers, but it should be read – by everyone.
Then they should go out and lobby their respective governments.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Jul-2005 Published by HarperCollins

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Justina Robson

KEEPING IT REAL by Justina Robson

Some people consider Justina Robson’s work to be too deep and complex to be enjoyable. It is true that her early books aspired to a high literary standard, a fact recognised by two nominations for the Arthur C Clarke Award.
Though still keeping the high quality in the writing, this book is a complete change in approach.
KEEPING IT REAL is the first in a series of books that are fast paced, fun and very accessible. In 2015 a quantum bomb explosion had ripped a hole between dimensions and ours has now become linked with five other realities allowing for a two-way passage. Lila Black was on a fact-finding mission to Alfheim, the dimension of the elves, when she suffered horrific injuries. She has been rebuilt and is half woman, half machine, the machine parts being powered by an atomic reactor. Her first assignment since her rebuilding is as a bodyguard to the Elf musician, Zal, lead singer in the band, The No Shows. Zal has been sent threatening letters and their content is being taken seriously. Both are soon thrown into a chase situation with Lila trying to keep Zal out of the hands of a group of elf fanatics who are trying to take him back to Alfheim. The suggestion is that they disapprove of his life-style.
On the surface, this is a science fiction/fantasy thriller but as the story develops, Robson adds twists and layers of complexity. Nothing can be assumed, and that is part off the pleasure. Lila makes mistakes, she misreads the nuances of the other species’ characters and her mechanisms and inbuilt computer programmes can malfunction. Both reader and characters are kept on their toes.
Marketed correctly, this is the book that should open Robson’s writing to a wider audience. If you come to this volume leaving any prejudices you may have accumulated behind, you will have the chance to participate in an exceptional experience. Robson had fun writing this book. Have fun reading it.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Jul-2006 Published by Gollancz

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SELLING OUT by Justina Robson

The Quantum Gravity series, of which SELLING OUT is the second book, is delightful blend of science fiction and fantasy. In 2015, an event, known as the Quantum bomb, caused fault lines which made other dimensions accessible to us. These other dimensions include the realms populated by faeries, demons or elves. Don’t, however, expect Robson’s other races to be cute.
They are not. They are tough, mean and dangerous.
The heroine of both this book and its predecessor, KEEPING IT REAL, is Lila Black.
After having been badly injured in Alfheim, the elves dimension, Lila was rebuilt and is half human, half machine. In KEEPING IT REAL, she was assigned as a bodyguard to Zal, a rock star elf. By the end of the volume she had the soul of a dark elf lodged within her and had become Zal’s lover. He had also revealed that he has become part demon.
In SELLING OUT, Lila is sent to Demonia. Her brief is to find out how an elf can become a demon. One of the problems she faces is that she has not been fully briefed about the structure of demon society and quickly finds herself a target for assassination and, having killed her attacker, the focus of a family feud.
She also discovers that Zal has a demon wife.
In this volume, Robson not only explores the complexities of an alien society but also develops the structure of her other dimensions, adding to our knowledge of them. As in any good series, there are new revelations at frequent intervals, taking plot and understanding forward. At the same time Robson has obviously had fun developing her characters and the situations she puts them into. It is probably a good idea to read volume one first but they are accessible, enjoyable and thought provoking.
Reviewed by Pauline Morgan May-2008 Published by Gollancz

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Eric Frank Russell

NEXT OF KIN by Eric Frank Russell

If there is one thing that dates worse than up-to-the-minute cutting-edge science it is contemporary humour. This was probably a very funny book in its day but that day was forty years ago and it has dated badly.
The fifties was the heyday of the catch-phrase. Comedians would come onto the stage, utter some signature phrase and have the audience in stitches. The phrase would have some vague cultural significance at the time and perhaps the echo of something known to all but it would also tie itself to one person. While I would not be surprised to find that the phrase "Baloney Baffles Brains" occurs less than a dozen times within this novel, it definitely seems like more. Add to that the almost juvenile gags (the alien race that are "nuts" and have "the willies") and you have something that belongs so much to its time that it's surprising that it survived at all.
Somewhere beneath all this is the story of a soldier that can't abide authority sent on a scouting mission far into enemy territory who somehow manages to pull of an intelligence coup that could change the whole face of an inter galactic war. Even then, there is still something unfinished about the plot.

Reviewed by William McCabe Nov-2001 Published by Gollancz

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WASP by Eric Frank Russell

This is the first of the (relatively) new Gollancz SF Collectors’ Editions that I’ve read. I can only say ‘Hurrah!’ for Orion and that nice chappie who runs the SF side.
The Collectors’ Editions are bringing back many good (not to mention concise - whatever happened to slender books - the same that happened to slender fans presumably - self indulgence) out of print books. Fabulous. I do wonder why, however. Not why they’re reprinting good books, but why they’ve chosen quite this format. The SF Masterworks has apparently the same mission.
Many excellent books have been rediscovered and produced at a quite reasonable price with iffy to superb cover art. So what is the point of the Collectors’ Editions? Presumably not-quite-masterworks in the traditional bright yellow colours and at quite a substantial price increase. Eh?
Most, if not all, BSFG members are old enough to have a sneaking affection for the old Gollancz yellow jackets, easily spotted on library shelves.
In the same way, most of us already own the books being reprinted. I have at least half of the books advertised on the back of this particular book (including a very tatty copy of WASP). Why would people without this residual affection pay £10 or more for (admittedly good) books with no artwork when great books with good artwork are available for £6 to £7 from the same publisher? Oh well, as we have observed over the years, the ways of the marketing department are strange. Perhaps SF writers ought to examine this mindset when looking for ideas for aliens instead of the Japanese. I seem to be rambling. Sorry.
So, WASP. I like this book. It’s not one of those that I’ve reread often over the years and it was a pleasant rediscovery. It’s about James Mowry, recruited to be a ‘wasp’ in the war against the Sirians. Luckily James was born in Masham, capital city of Diracta - the Sirian home planet. With the removal of his wisdom teeth, pinned back ears and a few pints of purple dye, James Mowry is able to play the part of a native-born Sirian and do it well enough to fool the Sirians. This is just as well because, though Earth is technologically superior, the Sirians have ten times the population and without the action of ‘Wasps’ such as James, the Sirians will win the war through sheer weight of numbers.
James’ job is to cause as much disruption as possible ‘behind the lines’. He is to occupy the effort and attention of as much of the Sirian war machine as possible, turning their attention to quelling an initially imaginary internal rebellion instead of focussing on the war with Earth. As the recruiter says, ‘.. .in suitable circumstances, one can obtain results monstrously in excess of the effort.’
How James completes his mission is fascinating. If you thought about it you could come up with some of the ideas. Eric Frank Russell’s achievement was to think of them, put them together in a splendidly entertaining book and yet manage to make the war seem petty and ridiculous. This seems to me to be an anti-war book much in the tradition of Bill the Galactic Hero.
James Mowry isn’t a character with great depth; what he does is far more important than what he thinks or feels. He’s a reluctant volunteer; no hero, merely a pawn. Similarly, the Sirians are just (purple) people, worried about their day-to-day concerns, only vaguely bothered about the war. The immediate evil for the Sirians is the Kaitempi, the secret police. For both the Sirians and for James, their own officialdom is more dangerous than the enemy.
This book was written in 1957. Apart from the computer system working on punched cards (I vaguely remember punched cards), this book is as relevant today as it ever was. Go out and buy it if you don’t already own it. The extra £3 cost for the book isn’t really OK but at least you get integral bookmarks and a few of these scattered through your bookcase will brighten it up.

Reviewed by Yvonne Rowse Sep-2000 Published by Gollancz

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Ken Russell

MIKE & GABY’S SPACE GOSPEL by Ken Russell

Ken Russell the enfant terrible of the British film industry has turned his talent to this unusual novel setting the key events of the Christians new testament into a hilarious pastiche. It treats with total irreverence the myth that some people misguidedly believe as the truth and puts a rocket up the rear end of the people that believe such books as this are heresy.
Mike and Gaby two robots from a long proud lineage of Rossum’s Universal Robots were playing god and delivering to earth the first two human beings, Adam and Eve, as experimental prototypes to help in the search for a cure for their incurable disease ‘rust’. Enter another robot roughly identified as Satan! From here on in everything goes haywire. Nothing, to use the term, is "Sacred" anymore. The technical marvels of the robots help to perpetrate the so- called miracles that the son of Mary and Joseph performs as he plays the son of god A.K.A Mike & Gaby.
This short novel, somewhere between Science Fiction and a film script, is a breath of fresh air that at long last deals in a humorous fashion with the con of the Christian religion. This should be compulsory reading for all the religious fundamentalists out there, and for every one else a laugh at the original Fantasy book ever written. Ken Russell has never been one to take into account good taste and I look forward to a full-length novel from what is an auspicious debut.

Reviewed by Chris Chivers Oct-2000 Published by Warner

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Amy Kathleen Ryan

GLOW by Amy Kathleen Ryan

Part one in a planned Sky Chasers trilogy, GLOW is a young adult SF thriller that follows two spaceships, the Empyrean and the New Horizon, as they travel the stars to New Earth, which they plan to terraform.
Waverly and Kieran are two 15-year-old inhabitants of the Empyrean, one of the ships on its mission to find New Earth, and are the first children born in space. Now, as fledgling adults, they have found each other and intend to marry. The morning Kieran proposes to Waverly, their ‘allies’ from the New Horizon attack the Empyrean, kidnapping all of the female children. As the adults fight to repair the dying engine, it is only Kieran leading the male children left on board who can save their ship and hunt for the missing girls.
The narrative is split between the two ships as Waverly and the girls of the Empyrean are forced into a puritanical life onboard the New Horizon. Waverly makes for a strong female character and at least half the novel is written from her point of view as she fights against the new way of life she has been thrown into.
Written in a distinctively YA style, there are adult themes incorporated into the novel such as sexuality, rape and the right to choose. The religious society on New Horizon is reminiscent of Margaret Atwood’s THE HANDMAID’S TALE but some of the religious elements are too overt and a little heavy handed, though this is tempered somewhat by Waverly’s point of view.
Overall, this is a decent YA novel despite the blurb and cover coming across as TWILIGHT in space. Be assured, it isn’t that soppy!
Reviewed by Theresa Derwin Jan-2012 Published by Macmillan

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Carrie Ryan

THE DEAD-TOSSED WAVES by Carrie Ryan

It is very difficult to make zombies sexy. Instead of trying to, Carrie Ryan concentrates on the burgeoning emotions of her human characters. Since this is written for the young adult market, do not expect steamy sex scenes. Compared with some of the offerings in the bookshops, this is very chaste.
This is a post apocalyptic novel. The event that changed the world was The Return when the dead, known as Mudo, started walking. They are dormant until they smell living flesh. Then all they want to do is infect the living with their condition. Bites are invariably fatal.
Gabry is an adolescent who lives in an enclave of the living with her mother. One night, she and a group of friends defy the rules to venture outside the barrier to a derelict fairground. She is encouraged by her best friend Cira and Cira’s brother, Catcher. Just as Catcher is about to give Gabry her first kiss, they are attacked one of the Mudo, the returned dead. Two of the teenagers are killed, Catcher is bitten. Gabry escapes back inside the barrier but the others are rounded up and sentenced to join the Recruiters whose job is to hunt down Mudo. Gabry is torn between wanting to stay safe and owning up to being with her friends. Hormones take over and she decides to brave the outside again to find Catcher, expecting him to be dying. Instead, she discovers that he is a very rare person, an Immune. The bite did not kill him and now the Mudo cannot sense him. Rescuing Cira, they venture into the Forest of Hands and Teeth. During the flight, Gabry learns about her own origins which are not what she thought.
The tensions and anxieties of living in a world like this are well drawn and the obsessions of adolescents are well handled. There is, however, a bit too much of the
teenage angst about who she fancies most – Catcher or Elias – perhaps a bit too much even for the readership the book is aimed at, as Gabry never really gets beyond the tentative kissing stage.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Aug-2010 Published by Gollancz

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Geoff Ryman

AIR by Geoff Ryman

The one certainty about any book by Geoff Ryman, other than the quality of the writing, is that it will be unlike anything else he has ever published. AIR is an insidious type of science fiction. It takes the current trends in communication technology and asks the question, ‘but what about…’ In a remote valley probably on the borders of China and somewhere like Tibet, is a village that does not have the internet. Because of the geography and climate the signals cannot be received. The villagers’ lives do not have the luxuries that we have come to expect but they are relatively content. Gradually, though, modern life is beginning to seep into their lives. Mae Chung, who has never been able to read or write, is the village’s fashion expert. When one of the men is driving into the nearest town, she and her client go with him and Mae takes her friend to the best places to have their hair done, buy cosmetics or buy the latest dress. The Wings, who own several farms, are wealthy enough to own a television. Other villagers often collect in their courtyard to watch. It is a place for social gatherings.
Outside the valley, technology is improving and they have discovered how to download the kind of information normally found by surfing the net, directly into the human mind. The authorities plan a trial broadcast. Although forewarned, the test does not go smoothly for everyone. Mae’s neighbour panics and is killed. Her elderly friend, Mrs Tung, who is visiting, dies of natural causes and Mae gets a web address. She also gets the ghost of Mrs Tung in her head.
This is a problem as the old lady’s memories have no concept of being dead and Mrs Tung keeps trying to take over Mae’s mind. Also, Mae discovers that now information from everywhere can be obtained from the television. She is out of a job and has to adapt.
With the technology, and the information she absorbed during the test, Mae slowly finds a way of becoming an entrepreneur. She also finds, due to her access to Mrs Tung’s memories, that the valley could become inundated by a flood. She begins to collect data but no-one else seems willing to take her warnings seriously.
This novel is an intriguing combination ideas. Mae is not only a Cassandra figure but she is also an example of what can be achieved without formal education but with the help of intelligent use of technology. It also looks at the resistance to change and how progress can come from unexpected directions. An excellent book.

Reviewed by Pauline Morgan Mar-2007 Published by Gollancz

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WAS by Geoff Ryman

“Every work of fiction, however realistic, is a fantasy. It happens in a world alternative to this one.” says the author in the book’s final section. Without this definition, I couldn’t call this book fantasy in any way. Surprisingly, the last edition was as part of the “Fantasy Masterworks” series.
This is the story of several characters that are connected in some way by “The Wizard of Oz”. All of them seem damaged in some way and detached from their home. There’s Frances Gumm (later Judy Garland) whose father moves their family from town to town to conceal his secret and Dorothy Gael whose mother has died leaving her to live with her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry in Kansas. There’s also Jonathan, an actor who is dying of AIDS, trying to find Dorothy in historical records before he dies.
Somehow there are two massive absences here. Frank Baum appears briefly as a teacher at Dorothy’s school. This seems only to serve the purpose of validating Dorothy’s right to be here. Oz itself is generally missing too. A description of the film begins in detail and becomes more vague as it develops finishing entirely before the party reaches the city. Maybe this has to do with the common burden of the principal characters but they somehow seem to be deliberate gaps.
Ryman seems to delight in his historical accuracy and deliberately avoid anything that would be taken as genre Fantasy here. There are details of his research into 19th Century Kansas, books on the film and even a book about the original novel. If it was anyone else, this would be listed as Historical Fiction. It’s well done but it’s not a genre that really belongs in these pages.

Reviewed by William McCabe Dec-2007 Published by Gollancz

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